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Minister's Message

The Honourable Stockwell DayPublic Safety Canada continues to establish and implement sound policies and effective programs that help ensure a safe and resilient Canada. As the Minister of Public Safety, I am pleased to present to Parliament this Report on Plans and Priorities for 2008-09.

Canadians can take pride in the achievements of Public Safety Canada over the past year. We brought greater focus to the Department's National Crime Prevention Centre to target investments toward specific crime concerns and community-based crime prevention projects that help those most at risk. We continued to support intervention for youth in gangs or at risk of joining gangs through the newly created Youth Gang Prevention Fund. The Department also played a key role in rolling out both the law enforcement and prevention components of Canada's National Anti-Drug Strategy.

Public Safety Canada was also instrumental in the preparation of important legislation related to the Government's commitment to abolish the long-gun registry and respond to the Supreme Court's decision on security certificates. With the coming into force of the Emergency Management Act, the Department's roles and responsibilities were clarified which will help enhance federal readiness in preparing for and responding to emergencies. The Department also helped Canadians prepare themselves in the event of an emergency through the 72-hour Awareness Campaign. Finally, Public Safety Canada was involved in supporting the work of various external inquiries and reviews.

In the coming year, the Department will build on this success and focus on a number of strategic priorities. We will address the growing impact of crime on Canadians by targeting more directly drug-related crime, property crime, and crime committed by youth. The addition of 1,000 RCMP personnel, a process now well underway, will assist in that effort. We will improve the effective management of our borders, in part by enhancing cooperation both within Canada and with international partners. We will strengthen Canada's national security policy and legislative frameworks. And we will work to maximize the resilience of Canada and its population against the risks they face.

I remain confident that Public Safety Canada will continue to enhance the safety and security of Canada in the years to come.

The Honourable Stockwell Day, P.C., M.P.
Minister of Public Safety

Management Representation Statement

I submit for tabling in Parliament, the 2008-09 Report on Plans and Priorities (RPP) for Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada.

This document has been prepared based on the reporting principles contained in the Guide for the Preparation of Part III of the 2008-09 Estimates: Reports on Plans and Priorities and Departmental Performance Reports:

  • It adheres to the specific reporting requirements outlined in the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat guidance;
  • It is based on the Department's Strategic Outcome and Program Activity Architecture that were approved by the Treasury Board;
  • It presents consistent, comprehensive, balanced and reliable information;
  • It provides a basis of accountability for the results achieved with the resources and authorities entrusted to it; and
  • It reports finances based on approved planned spending numbers from the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat.

Suzanne Hurtubise
Deputy Minister of Public Safety

I. Departmental Overview

Role of the Department

Public Safety Canada (PS)[1] was created in 2003 to provide leadership and coordination across all federal departments and agencies responsible for the safety of Canadians. The Department delivers a range of programs related to national emergency preparedness, critical infrastructure protection and community safety. Working towards a safe and resilient Canada, the Department provides leadership, coordinates and supports the efforts of federal organizations responsible for the national security and safety of Canadians. The Department also works with other levels of government, first responders, community groups, the private sector and other countries to achieve its objectives.

To keep Canadians safe from a range of threats, the Department provides strategic policy advice and support to the Minister of Public Safety on issues related to public safety, including: national security; emergency management; policing and law enforcement; interoperability and information-sharing; border management; corrections and conditional release; Aboriginal policing; and, crime prevention.

Providing strategic public safety leadership, the Department works within a portfolio consisting of five agencies and three review bodies. These entities, including the Department, are united under the Public Safety Portfolio and report to the same minister, resulting in enhanced integration among federal organizations dealing with public safety issues. The Department supports the Minister in all aspects of his mandate and plays a national public safety leadership role while respecting the separate accountability of each Portfolio agency.

Also situated within the Department is the Office of the Inspector General of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS), which carries out independent reviews of CSIS' compliance with the law, Ministerial direction and operational policy.

Further information on the Department can be accessed on the organization's website:

  • [1] Public Safety Canada is the new applied title for the Department of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.

Portfolio Overview

The Public Safety Portfolio is responsible for public safety within the Government of Canada and consists of five agencies: the Canada Border Services Agency, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, the Correctional Service of Canada, the National Parole Board, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). It also includes three review bodies: the RCMP External Review Committee, the Commission for Public Complaints Against the RCMP, and the Office of the Correctional Investigator.

For the fiscal year ending March 31st, 2008, the Portfolio's organizations had just over 63,000 employees and total net expenditures of over $7.4 billion. Each Portfolio agency, with the exception of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS), prepares an annual Report on Plans and Priorities. Owing to national security concerns, CSIS does not publicly report on its plans and priorities. Information on the reports of the other Portfolio agencies can be found on each organization's website.

While Public Safety Canada plays a key role in developing policies, delivering programs and enhancing cohesion, integration and information-sharing across the Public Safety Portfolio, the agencies and review bodies contribute individually and collectively to Canada's public safety agenda.

  • The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) provides integrated border services that balance security with facilitation of legitimate travel and trade. It is responsible for: administering legislation that governs the admissibility of people and goods into and out of Canada; detaining and removing those people who may pose a threat to Canada, including those involved in war crimes or crimes against humanity; promoting Canadian business and economic benefits by administering trade legislation and agreements, including collecting any applicable duties and taxes and applying trade remedies that help protect Canadian industry.
  • The Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) collects, analyses and retains information and intelligence respecting activities that may be suspected of constituting threats to the security of Canada, reports to and advises the Government of Canada in relation to these threats, and provides security assessments.
  • The Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) contributes to public safety by administering court-imposed sentences for offenders sentenced to two years or more. This involves managing institutions of various security levels and supervising offenders on different forms of conditional release, while assisting them to become law-abiding citizens. CSC also administers post-sentence supervision of offenders with Long Term Supervision Orders (LTSOs) for up to 10 years.
  • The National Parole Board (NPB) is an independent, quasi-judicial, decision-making body that has exclusive jurisdiction and absolute discretion to grant, deny, cancel, terminate or revoke parole. The Board's mission is to contribute to the protection of society by facilitating the timely reintegration of offenders into society as law-abiding citizens. The Board also makes conditional release decisions for offenders in provincial institutions for provinces without their own parole board.
  • The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) enforces Canadian federal laws, prevents crime and maintains peace, order and security. This includes the following responsibilities: to prevent, deter and disrupt threats to national security; to prevent, detect and investigate offences against federal statutes; to maintain law and order and prevent, detect and investigate crime in provinces, territories and municipalities where the RCMP has a policing contract; to provide investigative and protective services to other federal departments and agencies; to reduce gun violence; and, to provide Canadian and international law enforcement agencies with specialized police training and research, forensic laboratory services, identification services and informatics technology.
  • The Commission for Public Complaints against the RCMP (CPC) receives and reviews public complaints regarding the conduct of members of the RCMP in an open, independent and objective manner. The Commission informs the public of its mandate and services, reviews and investigates complaints concerning the conduct of RCMP members, holds public hearings, prepares reports (including findings and recommendations), and conducts research and policy development to improve the public complaints process and to promote excellence in policing through accountability.
  • The Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) is mandated by legislation to act as the Ombudsman for federal corrections. Its main function is to conduct independent, thorough and timely investigations regarding decisions, recommendations, acts or omissions of the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) that affect offenders, either individually or as a group. It may initiate an investigation upon receipt of a complaint by or on behalf of an offender, at the request of the Minister of Public Safety, or on its own initiative.
  • The RCMP External Review Committee (RCMP ERC) is an independent and impartial agency that aims to promote fair and equitable labour relations within the RCMP in accordance with applicable principles of law. To this end the Committee conducts an independent review of appeals in disciplinary, discharge and demotion matters, as well as certain categories of grievances, in accordance with the RCMP Act.

Portfolio Resource Summary

2008-09 to 2010-11
  ($ million)
Planned Spending 2008-09 Planned Spending 2009-10 Planned Spending 2010-11
Royal Canadian Mounted Police 2,742.8 2,708.3 2,659.4
Correctional Services Canada 2,231.4 2,106.8 2,080.4
Canada Border Service Agency 1,508.9 1,467.6 1,350.2
Canadian Security Intelligence Service 449.7 487.8 470.8
Public Safety Canada 432.8 394.4 390.1
National Parole Board 45.9 44.7 47.2
Commission for Public Complaints Against the RCMP 8.7 5.2 5.2
Office of the Correctional Investigator 3.8 3.2 3.1
RCMP External Review Committee 1.5 1.1 1.1
Total 7,425.5 7,219.1 7,007.5

Due to rounding, figures above may not add to the totals shown.

Portfolio of Public Safety

Chart: Portfolio of Public Safety

Detailed image of the chart: Portfolio of Public Safety

Organizational Information

Chart: Organizational Information

Detailed image of the chart: Organizational Information

Our Strategic Priorities

In pursuit of the Department's Strategic Outcome of a safe and resilient Canada, Public Safety Canada will direct its efforts towards six priorities in 2008-09:

Strategic Priorities

  • Implement strategies to tackle crime and make communities safer
  • Improve effective management of our borders
  • Strengthen Canada's National Security Framework
  • Strengthen the resilience of Canada and Canadians in relation to emergencies

Management Priorities

  • Implement Public Service renewal through recruitment, development and retention
  • Implement integrated departmental business planning

The Department continues to make effective delivery of policies and programs its top priority in the advancement of the Government of Canada's commitment to safe and secure communities, a safe and secure world through international cooperation, as well as a strong and mutually beneficial North American partnership.

Implementing strategies to tackle crime and make communities safer

In 2006, the national crime rate reached its lowest point in 25-years. However, as we recognize this important milestone for Canada and Canadians, many neighbourhoods and families continue to be shaken and affected by serious and often violent crimes. The determination of government at every level, community leaders and front-line professionals in tackling crime is certain, but if we are to make our streets safer, we must be even more committed to reducing crime.

Due to the growing impact of crime on Canadians and neighbourhood safety, Public Safety Canada will target more directly drug-related crime, property crime, and crime committed by youth. The Department will support the repositioned National Crime Prevention Centre and a transformation of the federal corrections system in partnership with the Correctional Service of Canada. In addition, Public Safety Canada will continue to advance important law reforms with Justice Canada while working with the RCMP to improve policing policies and programs to combat national and international crime.

Improving effective management of our borders

Canada's approach to border security focuses on developing and implementing effective and efficient public security, emergency management and law enforcement measures while facilitating and expediting legitimate trade and travel. In order to achieve this, Public Safety Canada will continue to work strategically toward the development of "smart and secure" border management approaches in consultation with Public Safety Portfolio agencies, other government departments, and our international partners. These approaches make use of technology, information sharing, threat and risk analysis, and collaborative undertakings. In sustaining partnerships and through ongoing dialogue with other departments and with the United States, effective border management will result in a border that is as efficient and secure as possible, thereby ensuring the safe, secure and efficient flow of goods and people.

Strengthening Canada's National Security Framework

The national security framework is comprised of laws, policies and programs that together ensure that Canada and Canadians are protected and that Canada is not a base for threats to our allies.

Public Safety Canada's priority will be to strengthen Canada's national security framework by coordinating the government's responses to a number of external reviews. The department will also enhance its engagement of Canadians on national security issues by renewing the mandate of the Cross-Cultural Roundtable on Security and by focusing this group's agenda and outreach activities on Canada's national security priorities.

Strengthening the resilience of Canada and Canadians in relation to emergencies

Public Safety Canada develops national polices, response systems and standards to reduce the impact of emergencies that could affect Canada's population and infrastructure. The Government Operations Centre provides strategic-level coordination and direction on behalf of the Government of Canada in response to events that affect the national interest. An integrated federal response that is harmonised with provincial activities is supported through: 24/7 monitoring and reporting, providing national level situational awareness, producing integrated risk assessment and warning products, conducting national level planning, and providing whole-of-government response management. Potential threats to public safety are also monitored around-the-clock by the Government Operations Centre, an advanced communication centre capable of coordinating the federal response to a disaster.

To help Canadian communities respond and recover from disasters, Public Safety Canada also provides financial assistance to provincial and territorial governments through the Disaster Financial Assistance Arrangements (DFAA). Through the Federal Disaster Assistance Initiative (FDAI), the Department is creating an updated web-based inventory of existing federal and provincial programs, policies and legal tools for disaster assistance and recovery.

Public Safety Canada works closely with federal departments, other levels of government, and the owners and operators of critical infrastructure, to strengthen Canada's critical infrastructure to minimize disruptions to essential services for Canadians.

Implementing Public Service Renewal through recruitment, development and retention

Renewal is key to the future of the Public Service as a national institution that is central to the governance and development of our country. Public Safety Canada, like other federal departments, is working to ensure that it can attract, retain and further develop its employees. As part of its recruitment efforts, the Department will work to ensure that its workforce is increasingly representative of Canada's diverse population.

Public Safety Canada is still a relatively new department with an expanding workforce. As a result, it is important to have focused and measurable goals with respect to planning, recruitment, and employee development. Recruitment efforts will seek to capitalize on our already notable use of student employment programs, our increased use of leadership and development programs and initiatives such as the Recruitment of Policy Leaders Program. We will reinforce existing developmental arrangements as well as pursue new approaches to orientation, learning and development, and we will further develop the Department's corporate infrastructure to support renewal efforts.

Implement integrated departmental business planning

Building upon recent progress, the Department will continue to refine its integrated business planning framework. Integrated planning is an important building block which supports the Department's capacity to deliver results for Canadians.

A new Integrated Planning Framework was launched in 2007-08 and the Department will continue its implementation. The framework will help align the Department's planning process with the Government's planning cycle to facilitate the production of meaningful reporting documents for Canadians, such as Reports on Plans and Priorities and Departmental Performance Reports. For 2008-09, the Department will build on Branch-level Integrated Business Plans focussing on results and structured around the recently approved Program Activity Architecture. The Department will also have an Integrated Departmental Strategic Plan posted on its Intranet site that will:

  • set out corporate priorities for future years;
  • highlight key strategic performance indicators and results;
  • integrate strategic Human Resource (HR), Information Management/Information Technology (IM/IT) and Financial requirements;
  • include Risk Management and Management Accountability Framework (MAF) action plans; and
  • act as the starting point for future year's business planning exercises.

Public Safety Canada will also continue the implementation of the Management Resources and Results Structure (MRRS) Policy through the development and continuous improvement of its Performance Measurement Framework and governance structure.

Program Activity Architecture

Program Activity Architecture

Detailed image of the chart: Program Activity Architecture

Program Activity Architecture Crosswalk

2008-09 (thousands of dollars)
  NS EM LE Cor CP BM Inter Total
Emergency Management and National Security 9,453.7 227,610.0 - - - 1,680.4 - 238,744.1
Policing, Law Enforcement and Interoperability 338.5 - 13,228.8 - - 576.2   8,564.6 22,708.1
Community Safety and Partnerships Branch 401.8 - 121,258.0 9,536.2 39,506.6 683.9 - 171,386.5
Total 10,194.1 227,610.0 134,486.8 9,536.2 39,506.6 2,940.4 8,564.6 432,838.6

The figures above have been rounded to the nearest thousands of dollars. Due to rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown.

Voted and Statutory Items displayed in the Main Estimates

Vote or Statutory Item Truncated Vote or Statutory Wording (thousands of dollars) 2008–09
Main Estimates
Main Estimates
1 Operating expenditures 121,588 115,432
5 Grants and contributions 281,315 301,315
(S) Minister of Public Safety—Salary and motor car allowance 76 75
(S) Contributions to employee benefit plans 12,003 11,228
  Total Department 414,982 428,050

The net increase of $6.2M in Vote 1 is due to an increase of $23.7M for various initiatives of which $22.9M is for Emergency response capacity; an increase of $3.0M for the implementation of the Government Advertising Plan: "72 hours- Is your family prepared?"; a decrease of $9.8M due to the sunsetting of the Emergency Management Initiative - Secret communications project; a $6.6M decrease due to the sunsetting of a portion of the National Crime Prevention Centre funding; a decrease of $3.0M due to transfers to other government departments of which $1.5M is for the First Nations Organized Crime initiative and finally a decrease of $1.1M due to the re-profiling of the Cyber-Security Task Force.

The Vote 5 decreased by $20M of which $10M relates to a reduction in the anticipated payments to provinces and territories for assistance related to natural disasters under the Disaster Financial Assistance Arrangements and $10M in spending reductions for the National Crime Prevention Centre.

Departmental Planned Spending Table and Full-time Equivalents

(thousands of dollars) Forecast Spending
Planned Spending
Planned Spending 2009-10 Planned Spending 2010-11
National Security 6,755.9 6,837.1 6,667.2 6,702.3
Emergency Management 200,529.6 218,606.0 184,185.2 181,482.4
Law Enforcement 132,663.1 131,867.3 130,299.1 130,419.3
Corrections 9,003.7 9,536.2 9,653.1 9,144.5
Crime Prevention 59,887.0 39,506.6 39,400.9 39,422.6
Border Management 2,903.9 2,940.4 2,866.6 2,881.4
Interoperability 16,306.4 5,688.6 5,583.8 5,605.5
Total Main Estimates 428,049.7 414,982.2 378,656.0 375,658.0
Supplementary Estimates (A)        
Public Security Initiatives (horizontal item) 23,010.1      
Funding related to government advertising programs (horizontal item) 3,000.0      
Funding for furthering connectivity of federal partners to the National Integrated Interagency Information System 1,123.6      
Funding to provincial partners for the National Flagging System to identify and track high-risk violent offenders who jeopardize public safety 500.0      
Funding for activities that are essential to the continued implementation of the Public Service Modernization Act (PSMA) (horizontal item) 411.2      
Funding for Commission of Inquiry into the actions of Canadian officials in relation to Adbullah Almalki, Ahmad Abou-Elmaati and Muayyed Nureddin (horizontal item) 253.0      
Funding in support of the Federal Accountability Act to evaluate all ongoing grant and contribution programs every five years (horizontal item) 181.5      
Funding for enhanced enforcement activities relating to the National Anti-Drug Strategy that are aimed at reducing the supply and demand for illicit drugs (horizontal item) 168.0      
Funding to establish counterfeit enforcement teams as part of the National Counterfeit Enforcement Strategy (horizontal item) 112.0      
Commission of Inquiry into the investigation of the bombing of Air India Flight 182 and resources to permit departments to support the work of the Inquiry (horizontal item) 93.6      
Less: Spending authorities available within the Vote (500.0 )      
Transfer from Royal Canadian Mounted Police - For the cost of the independent investigation on the Royal Canadian Mounted Police pension and insurance plans 1,882.7      
Transfer from Royal Canadian Mounted Police - For the Task Force established to provide advice on strengthening the accountability and governance of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police 1,500.0      
Transfer from Royal Canadian Mounted Police - For the initial planning related to policing and security for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games 200.0      
Transfer to Public Service Human Resources Management Agency of Canada - To support the National Managers' Community (7.2 )      
Transfer to Royal Canadian Mounted Police - For the participation of Aboriginal youth in a training program designed to encourage a career in law enforcement (200.0 )      
Transfer to Foreign Affairs and International Trade - To provide support to departmental staff located at missions abroad (251.5 )      
Transfer to Correctional Service - For the Public Education and Citizen Engagement Strategy (260.0 )      
Transfer to Fisheries and Oceans ($425), Foreign Affairs and International Trade ($156), National Parole Board ($272) and Canadian Security Intelligence Service ($181) - For furthering connectivity to the National Integrated Interagency Information System (1,033.6 )      
Transfer to Industry Canada ($694) and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ($1,500) - For Public Security Initiatives (horizontal item) (2,194.0 )      
Transfer to Royal Canadian Mounted Police - For First Nations community policing services (31,000.0 )      
Total Supplementary Estimates (A) (3,010.7 )      
Supplementary Estimates (B)        
Reimbursement of additional security-related costs incurred by provincial and municipal partners in connection with the North American leaders' summit held in Montebello, Québec, August 2007 15,000.0      
Additional funding to strengthen current activities to combat sexual exploitation and trafficking of children 1,490.6      
Less: Funds available within the Vote (frozen allotment) (1,448.0)      
Transfer from Royal Canadian Mounted Police - For the cost of the Task Force established to provide advice on strengthening the accountability and governance of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police 1,000.0      
Transfer from Royal Canadian Mounted Police - In support of the development and negotiation of the longer-term DNA and biology casework analysis agreements with provinces and territories 196.9 337.5    
Transfer from Agriculture and Agri-Food - In support of the recently acquired responsibilities related to the Minister's Regional Office in British Columbia 164.0      
Transfer to Foreign Affairs and International Trade - For a joint contribution to CICAD (Spanish acronym for Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission) and to provide to hemispheric law enforcement organizations on specialized investigative techniques (100.0 )      
Transfer to Royal Canadian Mounted Police - For First Nations community policing services (5,500.0 )      
Total Supplementary Estimates (B) 10,803.5 337.5 0.0 0.0
Other adjustments        
Collective Agreements 537.1      
Internal Audit 53.3      
2006-07 Carry Forward 7,419.1      
Total Other adjustments 8,009.5      
Earmarked Items        
Strengthening enforcement Budget 2003   225.0 225.0 225.0
Protection of Children from sexual exploitation on the internet   1,527.0 1,927.0 1,927.0
National Security Policy - Government Operations Centre   597.0 1,620.0 1,475.0
2010 Olympics Vancouver -Security   300.0 300.0 200.0
Modernizing Investigative Techniques - Lawful Access - Administration   2,030.0 2,230.0 2,430.0
Core Emergency Capacity   8,000.0 8,000.0 7,554.0
Other initiatives (tbd) - Contributions (First Nations Policing/Policy Program) and Operating   230.0 180.0 180.0
Firefighters Training   500.0 500.0 500.0
Response to the Supreme Court of Canada Decision - a bill to amend the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act   730.0 730.0  -
National Integrated Interagency Information System   2,876.0 - -
Cyber Security Task Force   504.0 - -
Total Earmarked Items 0.0 17,519.0 15,712.0 14,491.0
Total Adjustments 15,802.3 17,856.5 15,712.0 14,491.0
Total Planned Spending 443,852.0 432,838.5 394,368.0 390,149.0
Plus: Cost of Services received without charges 13,800.0 12,012.7 12,147.5 13,016.8
Net Cost of the Program 457,652.0 444,851.2 406,515.5 403,165.8
Full Time Equivalents 995 1,015 1,010 1,000

The figures above have been rounded to the nearest thousands of dollars. Due to rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown.

The decrease in the total Main Estimates portion of the planned spending over the planning period is primarily due to the Disaster Financial Assistance Arrangements funding, based on an estimated cost over three planning years, and reflecting a $30M reduction in 2009-10. There are also other decreases in funding due to a $3M reduction for the Campaign "72 hours-Is your family prepared?", a reduction of $2.8M due to the sunsetting of the Action Plan to enhance Passenger Rail, a reduction of $1.4M as a result of funding sunsetting for the Cyber Security Task Force.

Summary Information

Financial Resources ($000's)

2008–09 2009–10 2010–11
432,839 394,368 390,149

Human Resources (FTE)

2008–09 2009–10 2010–11
1,015 1,010 1,000

Public Safety Canada Priorities

Strategic Priorities
1. Implement strategies to tackle crime and make communities safer
2. Improve effective management of our borders
3. Strengthen Canada's National Security Framework
4. Strengthen the resilience of Canada and Canadians in relation to emergencies
Management Priorities
5. Implement Public Service Renewal through recruitment, development and retention
6. Implement integrated departmental business planning

Program Activities by Strategic Outcome

(thousands of dollars) Expected Results Planned Spending Contributes to the following priorities
2008–09 2009–10 2010–11
Strategic Outcome             A Safe and Resilient Canada
National Security Strong policies and legislation which advance Canada's National Security objectives 10,194 10,594 9,699 2, 3
Emergency Management Canadians are safe and better prepared to respond to natural and human-induced disasters 227,610 193,338 190,444 4
Law Enforcement Safer Communities and more effective policing through strategic national law enforcement policies 134,487 132,931 132,951 1, 2, 3
Corrections Safe and effective reintegration of eligible offenders into Canadian communities 9,536 9,653 9,145 1
Crime Prevention Reduced offending among targeted populations 39,507 39,401 39,423 1
Border Management Efficient and secure borders which facilitate legitimate trade and travel and address risks off-shore to the extent possible 2,940 2,867 2,881 2
Interoperability Information sharing is facilitated to promote public safety and security objectives 8,565 5,584 5,606 1, 2, 3, 4
Total 432,839 394,368 390,149