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Table 5: Horizontal Initiatives

Name of horizontal initiative: Global Peace and Security Fund
Name of lead department(s): Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada Lead department program activity: Lead department program activity:
Start date of the horizontal initiative: Initiated October 2, 2005; operationalized September 18, 2006 End date of the horizontal initiative: March 31, 2010
Total federal funding allocation (start to end date): $792.6 million
Description of the horizontal initiative (including funding agreement): The Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF) and its component programs (Global Peace and Security Program, Global Peace Operations Program, and the Glyn Berry Program for Peace and Security) were initially established at $100 million per year for five years to support crisis response, stabilization and reconstruction in fragile states; to continue to address Canada's G8 commitments to help build global and regional peace operations capacity; and to shape the international policies, laws and institutions needed to prevent and resolve crises. This was increased, in June 2007, to $235 million for 2007-2008 and $152 million per year each for 2008-2009 and 2009-2010. Funded from the Peace and Security Pool of the International Assistance Envelope, the GPSF fills a funding gap by providing dedicated resources for activities that are necessary for a timely response with respect to countries at risk of crisis, but that are not properly the responsibility of the Department of National Defence and are outside Canada's traditional official development assistance program. Examples of these activities are supporting peace operations and peace processes, supporting justice and security system reform, addressing small arms and light weapons proliferation, enhancing transitional justice and reconciliation, and improving the peace enforcement and peace operations capacities of military and police in Africa and the Americas. Major recipients of funding are Afghanistan, Sudan and Haiti.
Shared outcome(s): 
  • Rapid, integrated, and better coordinated Canadian responses to international requirements for short- and medium-term conflict prevention, stabilization, peacebuilding and reconstruction;
  • Improved Canadian contributions to the mitigation of natural disasters and complex emergencies and the restoration of peace, security, the rule of law and legitimate government in fragile states; and
  • Expanded global and regional capacity for peace operations.
Governance structure(s): The GPSF is managed by the Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force (START) Secretariat in the context of a whole-of-government approach coordinated through the START Advisory Board. Chaired by the Director General of the START Secretariat and comprising senior officials from across government, the START Advisory Board is responsible for establishing a whole-of-government strategic policy, priority setting and direction with respect to fragile states and complex emergencies within the framework of individual departmental authorities, as well as providing a platform for information exchange on program-related activities to ensure complementarily and avoid duplication. The START Secretariat is located in the International Security Branch of the department and is accountable to DFAIT, which is responsible for the financial, human resources and physical resource services for START.
Federal Partners Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation (from Start to End Date) (in $ M) Planned Spending for 2008-2009 (in $ M) Expected Results for 2008-2009
1. Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) PA 1: Federal and International Operations Canadian Police Agreement $43.517 $11.396 Implementation of RCMP international police peacekeeping projects
2. Department of National Defence (DND PA 1: Contribute to Canada and the international community Operations in Afghanistan $28.0 $8.35 Supporting the Provincial Reconstruction Team and implementation of projects in Kandahar
3. Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) PA 1: Geographic Programs Peace Support Operation and Peacebuilding Support in Sudan $168.0 N/A Implementation of peace support operation and peacebuilding projects in Sudan
4.Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) PA 1: Correctional Interventions Operations in Afghanistan and Stabilization and Reconstruction support in Haiti $6.0 $1.5 Implementation of GPSF projects in Afghanistan and Haiti.
5. Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) PA 1: Security Operations in Afghanistan (Pakistan-Afghanistan border); Canada's support to the Middle East Peace Process; and Stabilization and Reconstruction support in Haiti $2.5 $0.75 Implementation of GPSF projects in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border area, in Haiti, and in support of the Middle East Peace Process
6. Justice Canada PA 1: Justice policies, laws and programs Operations in Afghanistan and peacebuilding support in Sudan $2.0 $1.0 Implementation of GPSF projects in Afghanistan and in Sudan
  Total $250.017 Total $21.996  
Results to be achieved by non-federal partners (if applicable): The GPSF works with a wide array of implementing partners, including international and regional organizations, such as the United Nations and its bodies, the Organization of American States and the African Union, as well as with non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, foreign governments and other legal entities. Further information on GPSF projects can be found in the DFAIT 2007-2008 Departmental Performance Report.
Contact information: Robert Derouin, Director General, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Tel. 613-995-6689, Fax: 613-944-1226, Email