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Horizontal Initiative: Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF)

Name of Horizontal Initiative: Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF)

Name of Lead Department(s): Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada

Lead Department Program Activity: Diplomacy and Advocacy

Start Date of the Horizontal Initiative: October 2, 2005; operationalized September 18, 2006

End Date of the Horizontal Initiative: March 31, 2013

Total Federal Funding Allocation (start to end date): $1,134.9 million

Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement): Funded from the Peace and Security Pool of the International Assistance Envelope, the GPSF fills a funding gap by providing dedicated resources for activities that are necessary for a timely response with respect to countries in or at risk of crisis, but that are not properly the responsibility of the Department of National Defence (DND) and are outside Canada's traditional official development assistance program. Examples of these activities are supporting peace operations and peace processes, supporting justice and security system reform, enhancing transitional justice and reconciliation, and improving the peace enforcement and peace operations capacities of military and police forces in Africa and the Americas. Major recipients of funding are Afghanistan, Sudan and Haiti.

The GPSF is both a responsive and a directive program, established to provide timely, focused, effective and accountable international assistance in response to critical peace and security challenges. DFAIT works closely with a range of other government departments including the Canadian International Development Agency, Public Safety Canada, the RCMP, DND, the Correctional Service of Canada, the Canada Border Services Agency and Justice Canada. Along with other assistance, these partnerships provide critical expertise in the area of justice and security system reform to the civilian components of UN peace operations.

Shared Outcome(s):

  • Safer and more secure environments conducive to stabilization, recovery and long-term reconstruction.

  • Greater protection of rights and safety of individuals and populations.

  • Improved global and regional response to crisis situations.

Governance Structure(s):

The GPSF is managed by the Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force (START) in the context of a whole-of-government approach coordinated through the START Advisory Board. Led by the Director General of START and comprising senior officials from across government, the START Advisory Board is responsible for establishing, within the framework of individual departmental authorities, whole-of-government strategic policy as well as priority setting and direction with respect to fragile states and complex emergencies. It is also responsible for providing a platform for information exchange to ensure that program-related activities are complementary and avoid duplication. The START Secretariat is located in the Programs and Departmental Security Branch of DFAIT and is accountable to DFAIT, which is responsible for the financial, human and physical resource services for START.

($ millions)
Federal Partners Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Names of Programs for Federal Partners Total Allocation
(from start to end date)
Planned Spending
Actual Spending for
Expected Results for
Results Achieved in
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) PA 2: Diplomacy and Advocacy Global Peace and Security Program; Global Peace Operations Program; Glyn Berry Program for Peace and Security   91.8 86.4 Improved Canadian contribution to peace and security and the safety and well-being of beneficiaries living in targeted areas Strengthened contribution to peace and security through the development of a strategic policy framework for dealing with conflict and fragility, new and dedicated mechanisms for deploying Canadian civilian experts and international justice officials and demonstrated international leadership responding to the Haiti earthquake crisis.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) PA 1: Federal and International Operations Canadian Police Arrangement and International Police Peacekeeping (IPP) 63.7 11.4 12.5 Implementation of RCMP international police peacekeeping projects Deployed an average of 182 police officers to 8 international missions to provide mentoring, training and advice, mainly in Afghanistan, Haiti and Sudan.
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) PA 1: Geographic Programs n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Canadian Commercial Corporation (CCC) n/a Delivery of international assistance under the CCC/DFAIT MOU See note 6.5 13.4 Logistical support to Sudan peace operations (UNAMID) n/a
Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) PA 1: Security Afghanistan border; Canada's support to the Middle East Peace Process; and Stabilization and Reconstruction in Haiti See note n/a 0.2 Strengthened customs capacity along the Afghan border Provided training and mentoring to Afghan border officials.
Department of Justice PA 1: Justice policies, laws and programs n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Department of National Defence (DND) PA 1: Contribute to Canada and the international community Operations in Afghanistan See note 10.4 8.5 Support to implementation of projects in Kandahar Provided operational support on project implementation, monitoring and financial management.
Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) PA 1: Correctional Interventions Operations in Afghanistan and Stabilization and Reconstruction in Haiti See note 2.0 2.9 Supported the deployment of correction advisers to the provincial reconstruction team in Afghanistan Deployed an average of 14 correctional officers to Afghanistan and Haiti to provide mentoring, training and advice.
Total       111.7 123.9    

Note: Allocations from the GPSF are determined on an annual basis; therefore, there is no planned amount from the start to the end of the program.

Comment on Variance: Canadian Commercial Corporation: At the outset of fiscal year 2009-2010, the GPSF allocated $6.5 million of its programming fund to projects implemented through CCC. Actual GPSF expenditures via CCC for fiscal year 2009-2010 were $13.43 million. Since the GPSF responds to crises, it is difficult to predict the choice of implementing partners at the beginning of the fiscal year. For example, the earthquake in Haiti shifted programming priorities to supplying equipment to assist with the relief effort. As CCC has established expertise in supply arrangements, the GPSF worked with the Corporation as an implementing partner for these activities.

Results to Be Achieved by Non-Federal Partners (if applicable): n/a

Contact information:
Elissa Golberg
Director General, START Secretariat
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
Tel.: 613-665-6689
Fax: 613-944-5911