Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Symbol of the Government of Canada

ARCHIVED - Canadian Food Inspection Agency - Report

Warning This page has been archived.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived on the Web is for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It has not been altered or updated after the date of archiving. Web pages that are archived on the Web are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats on the "Contact Us" page.

Section II – Analysis of Program Activities by Strategic Outcome

This section details the CFIA's planned activities for its strategic outcome as informed by a number of factors, including Government and Agency priorities, the Agency's Corporate Risk Profile, and the application of lessons learned. This section features a combination of the CFIA's ongoing core program activities as well as key areas in which efforts will be focused for this reporting period.

2.1 Strategic Outcome 1: A Safe and Accessible Food Supply and Plant and Animal Resource Base

Mitigating risks to food safety is the CFIA's highest priority, and the health and safety of Canadians is the driving force behind the design and development of CFIA programs. The CFIA, in collaboration and partnership with industry, consumers, and federal, provincial and municipal organizations, continues to work towards protecting Canadians from preventable health risks related to unsafe food and zoonotic diseases.

The current and future economic prosperity of the Canadian agriculture and forestry sectors relies on a healthy and sustainable animal and plant resource base. As such, the CFIA is continually improving its program design and delivery in the animal and plant area in order to minimize and manage risks. In an effort to protect the natural environment from invasive animal and plant diseases and plant pests, the CFIA also performs extensive work related to the protection of environmental biodiversity.

The CFIA supports Canadian agriculture and agri-food businesses' ability to enter domestic and global markets and their successful competition therein. The Agency works to develop and implement regulatory frameworks that: address risks to consumers; verify truth in labelling information (ensuring it is not misleading); and confirm that imports and exports meet Canadian and international requirements. To support these objectives, the CFIA engages in outreach and consultation activities with key stakeholders and partners (including those in industry), consumers, and international trade and standards organizations.

Strategic Outcome 1: A safe and accessible food supply and plant and animal resource base
Strategic Outcome Performance Indicators Targets
Number of countries imposing justifiable standards-related restrictions on exports of Canadian commodities (food, animals, plants, and their products) 0 Countries
Canada is on the list of OIE countries that are free from stipulated reportable animal diseases Canada is on the list each year
Percentage of Canadians who have confidence in the Canadian food supply system Historical trend (Increasing)

Key strategic risks, as identified in the Agency's Corporate Risk Profile:

  • Foodborne Hazards
  • Animal and Zoonotic Outbreaks/Incidents
  • Plant Pests and Diseases
  • Human Resources
  • Science and Technology Capacity
  • Information and Decision Making
  • Partnerships
  • Internal Co-ordination
  • Program Frameworks

In order to mitigate risks and achieve this strategic outcome, the Agency will concentrate its efforts in 2011–12 on the delivery of the following four priorities:

  • Focus on Programs
  • Strengthen Strategic Directions, Performance Measurement, and Transparency
  • Focus on People
  • Focus on Stewardship

2.1.1 Program Activities Summary Food Safety Program

Food Safety Program


The Food Safety Program aims to mitigate public health risks associated with diseases and other health hazards in the food supply system and to manage food safety emergencies and incidents. The program achieves these objectives by promoting food safety awareness through public engagement and outreach activities and through the verification of industry compliance to standards and science-based regulations. The CFIA works closely with federal/provincial/territorial governments and other Federal Government partners, as well as consumers, producers, farmers, and industry. The program helps consumers receive information about food safety and nutrition more easily, and it serves to diminish unfair market practices targeting consumers and industry through a robust program design supported by inspection and sampling procedures. Collaboration with other governments and stakeholders further enhances the Agency's ability to manage risks associated with food and the food supply system, including foodborne illness. In instances of non-compliance, the Agency takes regulatory action using a suite of tools that include investigation and enforcement. This program supports public health and instills confidence in Canada's food system.

Planned activities within the Food Safety Program support the Focus on Programs priority as well as the Strengthen Strategic Direction priority, and will help to mitigate the following strategic risks:

  • Foodborne Hazards
  • Program Framework
  • Partnerships
  • Science and Technology Capacity

Planning Highlights

In 2011–12, the CFIA will continue to address recommendations stemming from the independent investigator's report into the 2008 listeriosis outbreak as well as recommendations outlined in the October 2010 Progress Report on Food Safety. Specifically, the CFIA will:

  • Continue to amend its sampling frequencies for the testing of ready-to-eat meats and food contact surfaces, so as to tailor the frequency of testing to the establishment's risk profile, including the level of risk associated with the type of product and production controls.
  • Continue to develop its trend analysis capacities. This includes gathering and analyzing test results from plants in order to better identify trends and areas of concern in establishments where risks are the highest.
  • Continue to work collaboratively with partners and industry to enhance public access to food safety information so as to allow more informed decision making.
  • Continue to assess the readiness of other commodity inspection programs beyond meat and feed to adopt the Compliance Verification System approach in order to improve regulated parties' compliance with regulations and enhance food safety oversight.
  • Continue implementation of the Agency-wide consultation framework developed in 2010 with a view to increasing transparency and supporting informed decision making.
  • Focus efforts on the improvement of its current risk-based inspection system by reviewing program design and delivery, hiring additional inspectors, and enhancing the current training system.
  • Continue the development of tools to better identify food supply risks, improve import and domestic food controls, and identify importers and manufacturers.
  • Ensure the science-based research agenda supports future direction, including enhancements to testing methodologies and rapid methods, for earlier detection and response to foodborne pathogens, including Listeria

In 2011–12, the CFIA will continue to implement the Food Safety Action Plan (FSAP) by increasing collaboration and information sharing between government partners, industry, and Canadians, and focusing on the enhancement of food import oversight; this includes a regulatory framework for importer licensing. FSAP will also serve to confirm that industry's preventative approaches are working, and that there is a rapid response when problems do occur. This work will enable the Agency and its partners to better identify food safety risks, provide better inspection coverage, and allow the Government to issue more timely alerts to Canadians about food recalls and food-related hazards. In addition, the recognition of voluntary industry food safety systems will be expanded to the post-farm sector.

The Agency will work with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada to modernize and implement a traceability framework in order to track the movement of animals throughout their life cycle.

The CFIA will also advance the implementation of Health Canada's listeria policy by updating current program design, identifying where additional inspection tasks or controls may be required for ready-to-eat foods other than meat, and ensuring that testing and analysis capabilities are in place in order to perform the necessary analysis. Health Canada released a revised and strengthened policy on listeria in 2010.

The CFIA will continue to build on existing mechanisms of consultation and engagement created under its Consultation Framework to foster open and transparent communication within the Agency and with its key partners, stakeholders and the public. The Consumer Association Roundtable is one way the CFIA is improving transparency, consultations and communications with Canadians, as recommended by the 2008 report of the Independent Investigator, Sheila Weatherill. The Roundtable will meet twice in 2011–12 and will schedule conference calls as issues arise that require input from consumers. Through the Roundtable, consumer organizations have the opportunity to raise concerns and discuss ways to further improve Canada's food safety system. CFIA will continue to work with federal food safety partners to ensure regular reporting to Canadians, and engage industry representatives in a dialogue aimed at further improving Canada's ability to prevent, detect, and respond to future food-borne illness outbreaks.

The Agency will continue to work with provinces and territories on enhanced surveillance to strengthen the capacity to link human illness to foodborne pathogens. Surveillance data will be used to make necessary adjustments to food programming, whether through additional controls or changes to processing, to address pathogen issues. The pathogen reduction initiative will aid in the establishment of a national baseline and serve to inform pathogen reduction measures. Work will be conducted to consider food activities currently undertaken at both the federal and provincial level to identify possible opportunities for harmonized approaches to food inspection and shared delivery of services where appropriate.

A Meat Hygiene Pilot Project will address the challenges encountered by businesses of varying size in meeting federal meat technical requirements for inter-provincial trade. The CFIA will work closely with selected businesses and the provinces and territories to conduct evaluations, collect samples and information, and validate new inspection procedures.

The CFIA will continue to improve program delivery by better aligning resources to respond to workload requirements in a risk based manner, as well as by implementing more streamlined human resource processes; and by developing a national recruitment strategy to give more time to inspection managers and supervisors to focus on overseeing inspection staff. Additionally, to support the continued improvement of its program framework, the CFIA will continue to review and update manuals, policies and procedures; assess current market access activities related to food products to ensure streamlined procedures and processes; and explore efficiencies in the delivery of food programs.

As well, in support of market access, the CFIA will continue to enhance and deliver risk-based inspection programs (this includes the development of a strategy for activities related to imported and domestic food products) to ensure the protection of Canadians and facilitate the continued growth of market opportunities for Canadian products.

In 2011–12, the CFIA will continue to collaborate with federal food safety partners to modernize food legislation and regulations. The Agency will review its regulatory framework for food and identify opportunities to streamline and ensure consistency across all food commodities. This will improve program design, delivery and training for inspection staff.

Table 2-1: Planning Summary – Food Safety Program4

Program Activity: Food Safety Program
Human Resources (FTEs) and Planned Spending ($ millions)
2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending
3,177 351.5 2,970 331.9 2,970 330.4
Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets
Risks to the Canadian public associated with the food supply system are mitigated Percentage of inspected federallyregistered establishments in compliance with federal regulations 98 %
Percentage of Public Warnings for Class I food recalls that are issued within 24 hours of a recall decision 100 % of Class I recalls are issued within 24 hours of a recall decision
Percentage of all food recalls issued without an alert that are posted on the CFIA website within two working days 95 %
Domestic and imported food products are compliant with Canadian regulations and international agreements Percentage of domestic food products in compliance with federal regulations 95 %
Percentage of imported food products in compliance with federal regulations 95 %
Additional information:
The CFIA's Food Safety Action Plan:
Listeria Policy update:
Compliance Verification System Procedures:

Benefits for Canadians

The CFIA, in collaboration with federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal partners and organizations, is working to develop a secure food system which will protect the overall health of Canadians by minimizing and managing food safety and the occurrences of foodborne pathogen outbreaks. Animal Health and Zoonotics Program

Animal Health and Zoonotics Program


The purpose of the Animal Health and Zoonotics Program is to diminish risks to Canada's animal resource base, animal feed, and animal products, which are integral to a safe and accessible food supply system as well as to public health. The program's objectives will be achieved by reducing risks to Canada's animals (including livestock, terrestrial and aquatic animals) from regulated diseases, managing animal disease emergencies and incidents, mitigating and managing risks to livestock and derived food products associated with feed, promoting animal welfare, and guarding against deliberate threats to the animal resource base. In addition, the program will continue to mitigate risks associated with animal diseases that can be transmitted to humans (i.e. zoonoses) by controlling diseases within animal populations. The Animal Health and Zoonotics Program supports the health and welfare of Canada's animal resources and instills confidence in the safety of Canada's animals, animal products and by-products, and production systems.

Planned activities within the Animal Health and Zoonotics Program support the Focus on Programs priority as well as the Strengthen Strategic Direction priority and will also help to alleviate the following strategic risks:

  • Animal Diseases (including zoonotic) Outbreaks/Incidents
  • Partnerships
  • Science and Technology Capacity
  • Program Frameworks

Planning Highlights

The Animal Health and Zoonotics Program will address the Agency-wide Business Priority, Focus on programs, by continuing its core activities in support of animal disease prevention, preparedness, response and recovery, and enhanced surge capacity. The development and delivery of these core activities will be based on effective relationships with stakeholders and partners. The CFIA and stakeholders will share best practices, information, and expertise. This collaborative approach will support a strong and healthy farmed animal industry as well as the interests of Canadians.

An overall program policy framework and strategy to modernize surveillance will be developed to manage expectations and improve efficiency. Surveillance and laboratory testing, as well as inspection and enforcement activities, will continue to protect the health and sustainability of the national herd and safeguard the investment of producers as well as the safety of Canada's food supply system. In addition, these activities support market access for the export of animals and animal products, particularly by demonstrating freedom from foreign diseases.

The CFIA will continue to show leadership in the international scene and participate in standard-setting and trade negotiations. By maintaining and expanding the access of Canadian animals and animal products to foreign markets, the Agency contributes to a strong agroeconomy— which remains a priority for 2011–12.

The ability to trace common pathogens that move between wildlife, domestic animals, and humans is critical to the CFIA's ability to anticipate, prevent, identify, track, respond to, and recover from zoonotic outbreaks. The CFIA will be working with its public health partners to pursue more integrated surveillance methods, which will strengthen its ability to track risks at the interface between animal, human, and ecosystem health. The identification of activities that are in alignment with "One Health" (where possible) will emphasize the importance of systems thinking and the interconnectivity of animal, human, and environmental health.

As a result, in 2011–12, the CFIA will implement the recommendations outlined in the OAG report on CFIA Preparedness for Animal Disease Emergencies. In particular, the Agency will continue to work with partners, domestic stakeholders, and international organizations to anticipate, prevent, and prepare for future threats from zoonotic pathogens, including certain animal influenzas.

The purpose of the National Aquatic Animal Health Program (NAAHP) is to protect Canada's aquatic animal resource productivity by preventing the introduction and spread of infectious animal and aquatic diseases that threaten Canada5. The implementation of NAAHP will be continued, focusing on relationships with stakeholders. This will be achieved through the Agency's engagement in NAAHP development, implementation, and delivery.

In 2006, federal, provincial, and territorial (FPT) Ministers of Agriculture committed to phase in the National Agriculture and Food Traceability System (NAFTS). In the summer of 2009, that commitment was strengthened, and 2011 was set as the target year for the implementation of a mandatory, Canada-wide traceability system beginning with livestock and poultry. The CFIA is contributing to the development of NAFTS by developing options for a new national legislative and regulatory framework; enhancing the existing regulatory framework under the Health of Animals Regulations; and developing a Traceability National Information Portal (TNIP). The goal is to create a strong legislative and regulatory foundation with authorities for the implementation of the three pillars of traceability (i.e. animal/product identification, location identification, reporting/recording of movement information) and to provide authorized users with a single electronic point of access to traceability information stored in multiple databases in order to enhance the capabilities of these users to conduct traceability investigations more rapidly, accurately, and efficiently. The CFIA and AAFC continue to work together under Growing Forward (2008–2013) to achieve this commitment.

Growing Forward also supports the development of a National Animal and Plant Biosecurity Strategy. The purpose of the Strategy is to articulate a shared vision and approach and to coordinate the CFIA's position with changing national and international biosecurity environments in order to reduce residual risks and address society's increasing expectations. This Strategy will provide for a more harmonized and integrated approach to biosecurity across the Canadian agricultural, environmental, and public health sectors. The Strategy will include the development and maintenance of proactive, national, farm-level biosecurity standards for animal and plant agri-commodities, in collaboration with provincial/territorial governments and producer organizations and other key stakeholders. Support for the creation of these standards is provided under Growing Forward through a Memorandum of Understanding with AAFC.

The BSE Control Measures Program encompasses many activities so as to protect both public and animal health. The removal of Specified Risk Material (SRM) from the human food chain and terrestrial and aquatic animal feed chains will continue to be enforced and verified by CFIA inspection staff to ensure safe food, feed, animals and fertilizers. Import controls will ensure products imported into Canada meet Canadian standards through the review and updating of import policies and conditions for BSE, as required to reflect changes in international standards and evolving science. BSE surveillance will continue to be delivered, along with the national reimbursement program, in order to be able to monitor the level and distribution of BSE in Canada, maintain OIE controlled BSE risk status, and maintain and expand market access. Risk monitoring and mitigation programs will be reviewed in consultation with stakeholders to ensure their continued effectiveness. Ongoing BSE disease response activities will continue to investigate all identified BSE cases and eliminate their respective equivalent risk animals. Export certification services will be provided to ensure products exported from Canada meet requirements imposed by foreign countries.

Enhanced animal welfare controls will be implemented to better protect the health and welfare of animals being transported, slaughtered at federally-registered plants, or humanely killed for disease control. In the context of the National Farmed Animal Health and Welfare Strategy, and in collaboration with the provinces, territories, industry and NGOs, the Agency will work to enhance Canada's farmed animal system to address new and emerging animal health challenges.

Table 2-2: Planning Summary – Animal Health and Zoonotics Program

Program Activity: Animal Health and Zoonotics Program
Human Resources (FTEs) and Planned Spending ($ millions)
2011–12 2012–13 2013-14
FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending
1,524 131.3 1,524 132.5 1,524 132.5
Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets
Risks to Canadians from the transmission of animal diseases to humans are minimized Percentage of reportable animal diseases that have entered into Canada via specified regulated pathways Historical Trend (Year over year)
Percentage of response to zoonotic diseases and epidemiological investigations that are completed within service standards 100 %
Domestic and imported animals and animal products are compliant with Canadian regulations and international agreements. Percentage of certified animal and animal products shipments that meet the receiving country's import requirements 99 %
Canada is on the list of OIE countries that are free from stipulated reportable animal diseases Canada is on the list each year
Risks to the Canadian animal resource base are mitigated Percentage of response to disease and epidemiological investigations that are completed within service standards 100 %
Effective preparedness to prevent, control, and eradicate trans-boundary diseases and emerging diseases Systematic scheduled review, and update if necessary, of manuals for CFIA animal health officials and guidance documents for industry Once every two years
Number of emergency preparedness simulation exercises conducted versus planned Once every two years
Disease outbreaks in Canada are promptly and effectively responded to Percentage of suspected cases of transboundary diseases and significant emerging diseases in which investigation was commenced within 24 hours of identification 100 %
Percentage of cases in which the CFIA communicated with key stakeholders within 24 hours of confirming cases of trans-boundary diseases and significant emerging diseases 100 %

Additional information:
BSE Enhanced Surveillance Program:
Animal Diseases:
Aquatic Animal Health Export Program:
Livestock Traceability:

Benefits for Canadians

Canadian agricultural and aquacultural sectors benefit from the CFIA's work towards preventing and managing animal risks. Additionally, improved monitoring, detection, and management of zoonotic diseases will promote animal welfare and guard against deliberate threats to the animal resource base. Plant Resources Program

Plant Resources Program


The Plant Resources Program aims to mitigate risks to Canada's plant resource base, which is integral to a safe and accessible food supply as well as to public health and environmental sustainability. The program's objectives are achieved through the regulation of agricultural and forestry products; the mitigation of risks to the plant resource base (including crops and forests) arising from regulated pests and diseases; the regulation of the safety and integrity of seeds, fertilizers, and plant products; and the management of plant health emergencies and incidents. The program facilitates the introduction of emerging plant technologies and protects the rights of plant breeders, and is also designed to guard against deliberate threats to the plant resource base. As the program achieves its objectives, confidence is instilled in Canada's plant production systems and plant products, and the health of Canada's plant resources is strengthened.

Planned activities within the Plant Resources Program support the Focus on Programs priority as well as the Strengthen Strategic Direction priority, and will also help to mitigate the following strategic risks:

  • Plant Pests and Diseases
  • Partnerships
  • Science and Technology Capacity
  • Program Frameworks

Planning Highlights

The Plant program will focus its activities to protect Canada's plant resource base within risk-based priority activity areas that have a direct impact on industry and Canadians. This includes issuing approximately 4,500 import permits for plants and plant products and conducting more than 60,000 product assessments and inspections of plants, plant products, and crop inputs for import, domestic or export purposes. The CFIA will also issue approximately 75,000 phytosanitary certificates for Canadian products, and will perform roughly 1,100 ship inspections to secure access to foreign markets for Canadian products. The CFIA will also conduct foresight and environmental scanning activities, risk assessments, surveillance, laboratory diagnostics, and research and development to ensure that the plant program is based on the best available information and scientific advice. For example, in 2011–12, the CFIA will be developing new detection and identification methodologies (such as molecular methods) for the identification and differentiation of various crop varieties (i.e. potatoes, peas, wheat, and barley). The CFIA will conduct policy and regulatory analyses, lead or participate in national and international activities, and enforce import and domestic standards and regulations related to regulated plants, plant products, and related articles.

In continuing to ensure that the plant program supports Government of Canada priorities, the CFIA will begin a process that includes reviewing and amending Plant-program-related regulations it administers to ensure its continued capability to address new and emerging issues such as biotechnology, environmental priorities, and streamlined regulations. The CFIA will ensure a professional and effective workforce, equipped with the tools that it needs, by implementing an effective governance model and developing and implementing training and succession plans and service standards.

The CFIA will continue to develop partnerships with other federal and provincial government departments with a view to developing technically and financially effective means of addressing pest risk using appropriate strategies such as eradication, spread control, pest management, or adaptation.

The CFIA works collaboratively with regulated parties to develop and implement program delivery frameworks. Specifically, the CFIA will continue to work with industry to improve certification for greenhouses or heat-treated wood products, quality assurance programs for fertilizers, third-party involvement with testing and diagnostic sampling for seed and potato programs.

The CFIA continues to engage main Science Based Department and Agency (SBDA) partners, such as AAFC, PHAC, HC, and CFS, to support existing collaborations and to create new ones. The CFIA will also engage additional research organizations, such as provincial departments, universities, and private institutions. The horizontal integration of governmental science resources creates an opportunity to develop strategic partnerships (e.g. Genomics R&D Initiative).

In 2011–12, the CFIA will continue to implement the recommendations outlined in the December 2008 OAG report on "Managing Risks to Canada's Plant Resources." In particular, the CFIA will review its legislative and regulatory frameworks, initiate the implementation of a modernized plant import program, continue to work with international partners to enhance tools and capacities for harmonized risk analysis, and develop an implementation plan to address its information management needs.

The CFIA will initiate the development of a strategic approach to its international activities in order to ensure a predictable and science-based international regulatory framework and facilitate effective market access negotiations for Canadian plants, plant products, and related goods.

The Agency will continue to implement the National Invasive Alien Species (IAS) Strategy for Canada, in particular by developing programs for IAS and quarantine pests and by conducting weed and pest risk analyses, surveys, and laboratory tests for IAS. The CFIA will engage with partners to develop greater clarity with respect to roles and responsibilities, initiate collaborative program responses to the most invasive and destructive plant pests, and enhance public awareness of the importance of invasive species using a variety of communication and educational tools.

In collaboration with key stakeholders, and under the Growing Forward initiative, the CFIA is also leading the development and maintenance of national farm-level biosecurity standards (see also: Animal Health and Zoonotics Program Highlights). Two of these standards will focus on potatoes, grains, and oilseeds and will provide the producers of these products with the tools required to minimize or prevent and control the introduction or spread of pests and diseases into, within, or beyond the farm.

Table 2-3: Planning Summary – Plant Resources Program

Program Activity: Plant Resources Program
Human Resources (FTEs) and Planned Spending ($ millions)
2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending
809 84.6 809 85.4 809 85.4
Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets
Risks to the Canadian plant resource base from imported plants and plant products are mitigated Number of new foreign reportable plant diseases and pests that enter into Canada through regulated pathways and establish themselves. Historical Trend (Year over year)
Domestic plants and plant products are compliant with Canadian regulations and international agreements. Percentage of domestic plants and plant products in compliance with Canadian regulations and international agreements 99 %
Confirmed new incidences of new quarantine pests in Canada are contained and risk-mitigated (eradicated/controlled) through the issuance of Notices of Prohibition of Movement, Quarantine, up to and including the issuance of Ministerial Orders. Percentage of confirmed cases of quarantine pest for which notices were issued. 100 %
Percentage of notices issued in a timely manner. 90 %
Canadian exports of plants and plant products meet the country of destination regulatory requirements and Canada's reputation is maintained Percentage of certified plants and plant products shipment (lots) that meet the country of destination regulatory requirements 99 %

Additional information:
December 2008 OAG report on "Managing Risks to Canada's Plant Resources":
National Invasive Alien Species (IAS) Strategy:
Growing Forward initiative:

Benefits for Canadians

The Canadian agricultural and forestry sector benefits from the CFIA's work in preventing and managing plant disease and pest risks and from the work related to novel agricultural products and emerging plant technologies which ensure availability of reliable agricultural crop inputs needed for continued production, healthy plants and plant products, and access to export markets for Canadian products. International Collaboration and Technical Agreements

International Collaboration and Technical Agreements


The CFIA's international collaboration and market access activities aim to contribute to a coherent, predictable, and science-based regulatory framework relating to food safety, animal health, and plant health that facilitates trade for the benefit of the Canadian economy. This is achieved by actively participating in international forums for the development of international science-based rules, standards, and guidelines and in the management of sanitary and phytosanitary committees established under international agreements. The CFIA's active promotion of the Canadian science-based regulatory system with foreign trading partners and its negotiations to resolve scientific and technical issues contribute to market access.

Based on market demand, the CFIA will also continue to negotiate and certify against export conditions in order to access export markets. The Agency, working with industry and interested stakeholders, will continue to develop and maintain export certification standards (which vary from country to country and commodity to commodity), conduct inspections, and issue export certificates. Planned activities in this area support the Focus on Programs priority as well as the Strengthen Strategic Direction priority, and will also help to mitigate the following strategic risks:

  • Partnerships
  • Program Frameworks

Planning Highlights

The Agency will continue to advance the Government's market access agenda through further integration with the Government's Market Access Secretariat (MAS). This will be achieved through joint priority setting, negotiations and a coordinated approach to advocacy work. Working with the MAS, established in 2009, the CFIA will stay in the forefront of market access challenges and opportunities, ready to respond to urgencies by providing rapid support to high-level missions and market access initiatives. Additionally, the CFIA will continue to support Canada's foreign missions by increasing staff abroad in key markets and by providing science-based information to trade partners. This information will highlight the integrity of Canada's regulatory system of food safety, animal health and plant health, and it will address challenges in specific markets. In countries where an import ban is being considered or has been imposed, the CFIA will continue to engage with key agencies and officials to defend and seek science-based solutions to advance the interest of Canadian industry.

The CFIA will continue to work through organizations such as Codex Alimentarius, the International Plant Protection Convention; and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) to develop and implement international standards that reflect Canada's food safety, animal health and plant health objectives.

In 2011–12, the CFIA will strengthen and expand international partnerships to help manage risks before they arrive at the Canadian border.

Table 2-4: Planning Summary – International Collaboration and Technical Agreements

Program Activity: International Collaboration and Technical Agreements
Human Resources (FTEs) and Planned Spending ($ millions)
2010-11 2012-13 2013-14
FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending
363 44.3 362 45.3 362 45.3
Expected Results Performance Indicators Targets
Canadian interests are reflected in science-based international rules, standards, and technical arrangements. Number of Canadian positions on key rules and standards affecting trade in food, animal, plant, and their products that are effectively promoted. 10/Year
Effective participation in sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) negotiations and International Standards Setting Bodies (ISSB) such as Codex, OIE, and IPPC Number of CFIA representations made to promote Canada's interests at SPS and ISSB meetings attended. 10/Year
International markets are accessible to Canadian food, animal, plant, and their products. Number of actions taken to resolve issues identified through the Market Access Secretariat. 5/Year
Bilateral technical arrangements relating to food, animal and plant programs Number of technical arrangements negotiated. 10/Year
Advice on technical feasibility and contribution to interdepartmental plans in support of market access Number of action plans to which CFIA contributed. 10/3 Years
Number of issues on which the CFIA provided advice. 10/Year
International regulatory cooperation to support CFIA's mandate. Number of cooperation initiatives achieved. 3/Year
Establishment of relationships with key regulatory organizations Number of committees and working groups in which the CFIA participated 5/Year
Additional information:
AAFC's Market Access Secretariat (MAS):

Benefits for Canadians

Given the importance of trade to Canada, the CFIA's work in negotiating import and export conditions and in demonstrating the integrity of Canada's food, plant, and animal regulatory system to Canadians and our trading partner ensures agriculture remains a strong, vibrant sector. Providing a stable science-based trading environment supports farmers and Canada's economic growth. Internal Services

Internal Services provide robust, sustainable, and affordable enabling services in support of the Agency's responsibilities and its strategic outcome. Internal services and internal operations ensure that the Agency has sufficient resources to operate successfully and that matters of administration and human and capital resources are addressed.

Planned activities within the Internal Services Program support the Focus on People and Focus on Stewardship priorities as well as the Strengthen Strategic Directions, Performance Measurement and Transparency priority; it will also help to mitigate the following strategic risks:

  • Information and Decision making
  • Internal Co-ordination
  • Human Resources
Planning Highlights

In support of its management priorities, as outlined in Table 1-9, the Agency plans to conduct the following activities in 2011–12.

In support of strengthening governance and strategic directions and building on work conducted in 2010–11, the CFIA plans to further strengthen an integrated corporate planning and reporting process through the implementation of its Horizontal Management Initiative. This initiative is focused on the development of business lines (food, animal health, plant health, and horizontal management) to achieve a greater level of horizontal coordination with respect to planning, priority setting, budget allocation and performance reporting. Ultimately, this will support more effective decision making and program delivery.

The CFIA's new Management Resources and Results Structure (MRRS), which includes a new strategic outcome, Program Activity Architecture (PAA), and associated Performance Measurement Framework (PMF), forms an integral part of the Horizontal Management Initiative. In 2011–12, the Agency will implement the new PAA/ PMF, supported by a new financial coding structure and further development of the Performance Management Reporting Solution (PMRS) project. The PMRS is a multi-phase project, with programs and their associated key performance indicators being rolled out gradually until the end of 2012–13.

When fully operational, the PMRS will be a nationally integrated reporting solution that will be able to provide, at all levels of management, timely performance information that is easily accessible, robust, reliable, and substantiated.

The CFIA will take steps to further develop another key element in the horizontal management process: a strategic plan that will outline the Agency's long-term vision. The plan will serve as an overarching framework to better align strategic, operational, human resources, and financial and non-financial objectives, thereby improving the ability to achieve organizational objectives and deliver better results for Canadians.

Another key priority in 2011–12 will be the development of an IM/IT Plan. This Plan will focus on current capacity, and planning will address future needs in order to ensure a sustainable IM/IT environment. The current emphasis is on developing the right systems to ensure information is available for effective decision making. To inform this plan, CFIA will complete an analysis of its IM/IT systems and infrastructure as well as a complete capacity assessment, the results of which will contribute to the CFIA's plan to address key infrastructure issues.

As referenced in Section (Food Safety Program Activity), the CFIA will continue to build on existing consultation and engagement mechanisms created under its Consultation Framework to foster open and transparent communication within the Agency and with its key partners, stakeholders, and the public.

In addition, CFIA will modernize its website through a Web Content Management System and web strategy designed to enhance accessibility, e-communications, and public access to information.

In support of its ongoing focus on people, the CFIA will continue to act on its human resource priorities and support the contribution, productivity, and satisfaction of its employees through the 2008–2013 Renewal Plan. The Agency will focus on the key priorities of engagement, training, and career development to improve organizational performance and maintain a vibrant workforce. In terms of engagement, the CFIA will support its Manager, Executive, and Youth networks; provide opportunities for employee questions and feedback; and promote an environment of productive union-management collaboration. With respect to training and career development, the Agency will concentrate on the efficient and consistent delivery of technical training, official languages training, and leadership development as well as the delivery of management support for employee learning and performance feedback. This focus on people will allow the Agency to continue to build a workforce that can adapt to the complex business environment in which it operates, while continuing to safeguard food, animals and plants, which enhance the health and wellbeing of Canada's people, environment, and economy.

In support of its focus on stewardship, the CFIA plans to develop the Agency's project management capacity and oversight with the implementation of a project management governance and policy framework. This framework is designed to support management with tools and best practices to ensure proper project management rigour and supervision. The ultimate impact will be a more effective use of public funds and the improved delivery of project outcomes.

In addition, the CFIA will work towards completing a series of improvements outlined in the Agency's multiyear ATIP Modernization Action Plan, focusing on the protection of Canadians' privacy rights and an examination of new processes put in place. By capitalizing on best practices and applying lessons learned, the Agency plans to ensure greater oversight, coordination, accountability, and transparency regarding the processing of requests for information.

Finally, as per the requirements of the TB Policy on Government Security, the Agency will be implementing its approved Agency Security Plan (ASP) to effectively manage security risks and improve the overall security of Agency employees, the control and protection of CFIA information, physical infrastructures, and other valuable assets. The ASP details decisions, strategies, and priorities to further reduce the consequences and likelihood of security risks. The ASP is aligned with Agency- and government-wide policies, priorities and plans so as to provide an integrated view of Agency security requirements. Based on identified and evaluated risks, the 2011–12 Implementation Plan includes the development of performance measurements which monitor Plan objectives.

Table 2-5: Planning Summary – Internal Services

Program Activity: Internal Services
Human Resources (FTEs) and Planned Spending ($ millions)
2011–12 2011–12 2012–13
FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending FTEs Planned Spending
1,041 132.3 1,015 128.9 1,015 128.9
Additional information:
CFIA Renewal Plan:
CFIA Management Accountability Framework assessment:

Benefits for Canadians

Through the effective and efficient management of its administrative, human and capital resources, the CFIA aims to achieve optimum delivery of its programs and corporate obligations, thereby providing Canadians with value for their tax dollars.