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Table 5: Horizontal Initiatives-Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF)

Name of Horizontal Initiative: Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF)

Name of lead department(s): Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada

Lead department program activity: Diplomacy and Advocacy

Start date of the Horizontal Initiative: Initiated October 2, 2005; operationalized September 18, 2006

End date of the Horizontal Initiative: March 31, 2013

Total federal funding allocation (start to end date): 1,108.0

Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement): Funded from the Peace and Security Pool of the International Assistance Envelope, the GPSF fills a funding gap by providing dedicated resources for activities that are necessary for a timely response with respect to countries in or at risk of crisis, but that are not properly the responsibility of the Department of National Defence and are outside Canada's traditional official development assistance program. Examples of these activities are supporting peace operations and peace processes, supporting justice and security system reform, enhancing transitional justice and reconciliation, and improving the peace enforcement and peace operations capacities of military and police in Africa and the Americas. Major recipients of funding are Afghanistan, Sudan and Haiti.

The GPSF is both a responsive and directive program, established to provide timely, focused, effective and accountable international assistance in response to critical peace and security challenges. DFAIT works closely with a range of government departments including CIDA, RCMP, DND, CSC, CBSA and Justice Canada. Among other assistance, these partnerships provide critical expertise in the area of justice and security system reform to the civilian components of UN peace operations. In 2007-08, the GPSF entered into arrangements with several major implementing partners from the federal government. DFAIT's contribution of $86.3 million was supplemented by $82.4 million in spending by partners, for total spending of $168.7 million. Of particular note was support to peace operations in Sudan through the Canadian Commercial Corporation and the implementation of stabilization and reconstruction projects in Kandahar province, Afghanistan.

Shared outcome(s):

  • safer and more secure environments conducive to stabilization, recovery and long-term reconstruction;
  • greater protection of rights and safety of individuals and populations; and
  • Improved global and regional response to crisis situations.

Governance structure(s): The GPSF is managed by the Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force (START) Secretariat in the context of a whole-of-government approach coordinated through the START Advisory Board. Chaired by the Director General of the START Secretariat and comprising senior officials from across government, the START Advisory Board is responsible for establishing, within the framework of individual departmental authorities, whole-of-government strategic policy as well as priority setting and direction with respect to fragile states and complex emergencies. It is also responsible for providing a platform for information exchange to ensure that program-related activities are complementary and avoid duplication. The START Secretariat is located in the International Security Branch of DFAIT and is accountable to DFAIT, which is responsible for the financial, human and physical resource services for START.

($ millions)
Federal Partners Federal Partner Program Activity (PA)* Names of Programs for Federal Partners** Total Allocation (from Start to End Date)*** Planned Spending for
Expected Results for
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT)

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)
PA 2: Diplomacy and Advocacy

PA 1: Federal and International Operations
Global Peace and Security Program; Global Peace Operations Program; Glyn Berry Program for Peace and Security   91.8 Improved Canadian contribution to peace and security and the safety and well-being of beneficiaries living in targeted areas
Canadian Police Arrangement   11.4**** Implementation of RCMP international police peacekeeping projects
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) PA 1: Geographic Programs N/A   0 (no GPSF funds to be administered by CIDA in 2009-10) N/A
Canadian Commercial Corporation (CCC) N/A Peace Support Operations in Fragile States   6.5 Logistical support to Sudan peace operations (AMIS and UNAMID)
Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) PA 1: Correctional Interventions Operations in Afghanistan and Stabilization and Reconstruction in Haiti   2.0 Supported the deployment of correction advisers to the PRT in Afghanistan
Department of Justice PA 1: Justice policies, laws and programs N/A   0 (none identified to date) N/A
Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) PA 1: Security Operations in Afghanistan (Pakistan-Afghanistan border); Canada's support to the Middle East Peace Process; Stabilization and Reconstruction in Haiti   0 (none identified to date) Provision of technical assistance
Department of National Defence (DND) PA 1: Contribute to Canada and the international community Operations in Afghanistan   10.4 (includes police and corrections issues and the Kandahar Initiatives for Peace and Security) Support to implementation of projects in Kandahar
* Includes grants.
** "Names of programs of federal partners" refers to support to GPSF activities and does not necessarily reflect the name of a department's official program. It is often the case that departments working with the GPSF do not have an official program name.
*** Exact figures not known due to definitional ambiguities, in particular inclusion/exclusion dates and Human Security Program (now Glyn Berry Program) carry-over from fiscal years 2005-06 and 2006-07.
**** This represents funding to cover incremental costs to the RCMP for the deployment of civilian police in support of international police peacekeeping operations. Excluded are reference level transfers to the RCMP to support the International Police Program.
  Total $122.1 million  

Results to be achieved by non-federal partners (if applicable): The GPSF works with a wide array of implementing partners, including international and regional organizations such as the United Nations and its bodies, the Organization of American States and the African Union, as well as with non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, foreign governments and other legal entities. Further information on GPSF projects can be found in the DFAIT 2007-08 Departmental Performance Report.

Contact information:

Robert Derouin
Director General, START Secretariat
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
Tel.: 613-992-1361
Fax: 613-944-1226