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Table 4: Horizontal Initiative - Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF)

1) Name of Horizontal Initiative: Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF)

2) Name of lead department(s): Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada

3) Lead department program activity: Diplomacy and Advocacy

4) Start date of the Horizontal Initiative: October 2, 2005; operationalized September 18, 2006

5) End date of the Horizontal Initiative: March 31, 2013

6) Total federal funding allocation (start to end date): 1,025.2*

7) Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement): Funded from the Peace and Security Pool of the International Assistance Envelope, the GPSF fills a funding gap by providing dedicated resources for activities that are necessary for a timely response with respect to countries in or at risk of crisis, but that are not properly the responsibility of the Department of National Defence and are outside Canada's traditional official development assistance program. Examples of these activities are supporting peace operations and peace processes, supporting justice and security system reform, enhancing transitional justice and reconciliation, and improving the peace enforcement and peace operations capacities of military and police in Africa and the Americas. Major recipients of funding are Afghanistan, Sudan and Haiti.

The GPSF is both a responsive and directive program, established to provide timely, focused, effective and accountable international assistance in response to critical peace and security challenges. DFAIT works closely with a range of government departments including the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Department of National Defence (DND), Correctional Service of Canada (CSC), Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and Justice Canada. Among other assistance, these partnerships provide critical expertise in the area of justice and security system reform to the civilian components of UN peace operations. In 2008-2009, the GPSF entered into arrangements with several major implementing partners from the federal government. Of particular note was support to security system reform in several GPSF programming countries and the implementation of stabilization and reconstruction projects in Kandahar province, Afghanistan.

8) Shared outcome(s):

  • safer and more secure environments conducive to stabilization, recovery and long-term reconstruction;

  • greater protection of rights and safety of individuals and populations; and

  • improved global and regional response to crisis situations.

9) Governance structure(s): The GPSF is managed by the Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force (START) Secretariat in the context of a whole-of-government approach coordinated through the START Advisory Board. Chaired by the Director General of the START Secretariat and comprising senior officials from across government, the START Advisory Board is responsible for establishing, within the framework of individual departmental authorities, whole-of-government strategic policy as well as priority setting and direction with respect to fragile states and complex emergencies. It is also responsible for providing a platform for information exchange to ensure that program-related activities are complementary and avoid duplication. The START Secretariat is located in the Programs and Departmental Security Branch of DFAIT and is accountable to DFAIT, which is responsible for the financial, human and physical resource services for START.

10) Planning Highlights: In the context of ongoing GPSF programming in 2010-11, there are three significant developments central to plans for the coming year. They are: 1) ensuring the effective implementation of GPSF funded initiatives in Afghanistan in preparation for the transformation of Canada's military engagement to a civilian one. More specifically, meeting the challenges of continuing in-kind contributions as Canadian Forces prepare to redeploy from Kandahar by July 2011, and the issue of ongoing protection of deployed Canadian government civilian personnel working on GPSF initiatives; 2) continuing Canadian engagement in Sudan in 2010-11 in the context of national elections and a referendum on independence for the semi-autonomous South. GPSF will seek to provide expert support from relevant government departments within the framework of renewed Canadian commitment to Sudan programming through to 2012-13; and 3) working with other government departments (OGD) partners to develop broader frameworks for funding and managing civilian deployments in recognition of the growing demand for Canadian government expertise to respond to complex emergencies internationally.

11) Federal Partner 12) Federal Partner Program Activity 13) Names of Programs for Federal Partners* 14) Total Allocation (from Start to End Date)** 15) Planned Spending for
16) Expected Results for
DFAIT (Lead)
PA 2: Diplomacy and Advocacy Global Peace and Security Program; Global Peace Operations Program; Glyn Berry Program for Peace and Security   $130.7M Improved Canadian contribution to peace and security and the safety and well-being of beneficiaries living in targeted areas
Department of National Defence (DND) PA 1: Contribute to Canada and the international community Operations in Afghanistan   $7.24M Supporting the Provincial Reconstruction Team and implementation of projects in Kandahar
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP

PA 1: Federal and International Operations

Canadian Police Arrangement and International Police Peacekeeping (IPP)   $23.9M**** Improved security for local citizens through the implementation of RCMP International Police Peacekeeping projects
Canadian Commercial Corporation (CCC) PA: N/A Delivery of International Assistance under the CCC / DFAIT MOU   $1.22M Enhanced capacity for disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration in Sudan and Canadian material support to Guatemala
Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) PA 1: Security Afghanistan border); Canada's support to the Middle East Peace Process; and Stabilization and Reconstruction in Haiti   $3.55M Deployment of CBSA officials to enhance border management and access for the Palestinian Authority, training of Afghan customs officials and better control over customs revenue in the Afghan Ministry of Finance
Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) PA 1: Correctional Interventions Operations in Afghanistan and Stabilization and Reconstruction in Haiti   $5.65M Deployment of CSC officials to enhance prison reform in southern Sudan and advise and mentor corrections officials in Haiti and Afghanistan

* Amount is for total funding and includes amounts as of GPSF operationalization in September 2006 and excludes amounts reallocated during the Strategic Review Exercise.
Names of programs of federal partners refer to support to GPSF activities and does not necessarily reflect the name of a department's official program. It is often the case that departments working with the GPSF do not have an official program name.
** Exact figures not known due to definitional ambiguities, in particular inclusion/exclusion dates and Human Security Program (now Glyn Berry Program) carry-over from fiscal years 2005-06 and 2006-07.
*** Due to the fluid programming context in high-risk environments GPSF initiatives occur in, planned programming amounts can change based on various factors.
**** This represents funding to cover incremental costs to the RCMP for the deployment of civilian police in support of international police peacekeeping operations. Excluded are reference level transfers to the RCMP to support the International Police Program.

Total Allocation For All Federal Partners (from Start to End Date) Total Planned Spending for All Federal Partners for 2010–11
$1,025.2M $172.2M

17) Results to be achieved by non-federal partners (if applicable): The GPSF works with a wide variety of implementing partners, including international and regional organizations, such as the United Nations and its bodies, as well as with non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, foreign governments and other legal entities. Expected and actual results achieved by these partners are outlined in their respective appeal documents, and in the corresponding project and annual reports. The scope and degree of realization of their results will be conditioned by the specific environments in which they work.

Contact information:

Elissa Golberg
Director General, START Secretariat
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
Tel.: 613-665-6689
Fax: 613-944-5911