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Table 20: Horizontal Initiatives

1. Name of Horizontal Initiative

U.S. Enhanced Representation Initiative (ERI)

2. Name of Lead Department(s)

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada

3. Start Date of the Horizontal Initiative September 17, 2003

4. End Date of the Horizontal Initiative
March 31, 2008

5. Total Federal Funding Allocation (start to end date) $118.2 million

6. Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement)

The ERI is a partnership of eight federal departments and agencies. The ERI provides a coordinated and integrated approach and direction to managing and advancing Canada’s advocacy, trade, business development, science and technology, and investment interests in the United States. This is done through the collaboration of ERI partners and consultation with other federal government departments, the provinces and territories, and other stakeholders. When fully implemented, the ERI partnership will oversee a network of 43 U.S. points of contact through consulates general, consulates, trade offices and honorary consuls.

7. Shared Outcome(s)

Outcomes reflect total Canadian government efforts related to advocacy and business development with the United States set in the international economic environment. Specific outcomes are defined by the ERI’s Results-based Management and Accountability Framework.

Short-term Outcomes:

  • Increased domestic engagement and coordination
  • Raised awareness of:
    • Canada-U.S. interdependence in North American security
    • Canada-U.S. interdependence in the North American economy
    • Canada-U.S. social differences
  • Increased number of export-ready firms
  • Raised awareness in the United States of:
    • Investment opportunities in Canada
    • Canadian technological capabilities
  • Increased Canada-U.S. sharing of technologies
  • Raised awareness of U.S. market opportunities for Canadian firms
  • ERI partnership development
  • Increased capacity for advocacy and business development in the United States

Medium-term Outcomes:

  • Appreciation of Canada-U.S. interdependence as reflected by:
    • Canadian interests not adversely affected by U.S. legislation, policies, regulations or industry codes
    • Improved settlement of joint Canada-U.S. issues
  • Increased investment development
  • Increased export development
  • Increased commercialization of S&T in Canada
  • Improved coherence of Canadian advocacy and business development interests in the United States

Long-term Outcomes:

  • Enhanced influence for Canada on key strategic issues
  • Improved flow of people, goods and services across the Canada-U.S. border
  • Increased business for Canada with the United States

8. Governance Structure(s)

The ERI partnership is managed through a formal governance structure including a Deputy Ministers Steering Committee, an Assistant Deputy Ministers Policy Committee, a Directors General Operations Committee and three director-level standing committees: Advocacy and Business Development, Communications, and Human Resources. Day-to-day operations are managed by the ERI Secretariat, which is responsible to the ERI partnership, through the governance structure, for planning, implementing and evaluating the ERI’s annual action plan. The ERI Secretariat is accountable administratively to its host department, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, which provides financial, human resources and physical resource services to the Secretariat.

9. Federal Partners

10. Names of Programs for Federal Partners

11. Total Allocation (from start to end date)

12. Planned Spending for 2006-2007 ($ millions)

13. Actual Spending in 2006-2007 ($ millions)

14. Expected Results for 2006-2007

15. Results Achieved in 2006-2007

Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA)

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC),

Canada Economic Development for Quebec regions

Foreign Affairs Canada (FAC)

Industry Canada (IC)

International Trade Canada (ITCan),

National Research Council (NRC)

Western Economic Diversification (WD)




(a) Representation










Complete position staffing, appointment of honorary consuls and finalization of infrastructure


The partnership participated in the staffing of 20 positions, including 4 of the new incremental positions.

Appointed 11 honorary consuls, for a total of 16 to date. Finalized the remaining 4 locations and recruited qualified candidates.
Added and staffed 5 new Strategic Network Coordinator positions.

(b) Advocacy and Business Development




Development of a whole-of-government approach to achieving advocacy and business development results in the United States
Full implementation of partner business plans and utilization of program funding allocations

Realized increasing involvement of other government departments, regional offices, and the provinces in advocacy and business development projects.


Utilized 95.7% of allocated funds

(c) Corporate / Governance




To improve the effectiveness of the ERI and its governance by implementing the Formative Evaluation recommendations

Promoted more coordinated planning and program implementation. Full implementation of Formative Evaluation is proceeding.


(d) Reserve/unallocated













16. Comments on Variances: Reserve/unallocated funds have been moved forward from year to year in response to absorptive capacity of missions and partners for effective implementation and to offset reduced funding for 2007-2008, when the ERI requires full funding.

17. Results Achieved by Non-federal Partners: Not applicable

18. Contact Information: Wolf Nowak, Manager, Strategic Planning and Analysis, U.S. Enhanced Representation Initiative

19. Approved by: Mitch Vlad, Director, ERI Secretariat

Horizontal Initiative: Team Canada Inc

Start Date: October 1997

End Date: March 31, 2007

Total Federal Funding Allocation: $834,500

Description: Team Canada Inc (TCI) is a network of federal government departments and agencies working with the provinces and territories and other partners to help Canadian businesses succeed in world markets. TCI’s purpose is to provide the Canadian business community with single-window access to fully integrated services, with a view to enhancing exporter capability and preparedness for international market development success. Government of Canada priorities that are addressed by TCI include: raising the stature of Canada in the world, assisting Canada’s progress as a knowledge economy in a global context, and improving the competitiveness and productivity of Canadian business.

Shared Outcomes: According to the Common Performance Measurement Framework developed by TCI, common or shared outcomes (immediate and intermediate) are as follows:

Immediate Outcomes: maintain or improve client satisfaction, increase engagement of target groups with TCI services, and improve access to export support products and services across all regions of Canada;

Intermediate Outcomes: increase client firms' knowledge of mechanics of exporting, increase client awareness of business opportunities abroad and increase involvement of service delivery partners.

Due to the nature of the outcomes (i.e. diverse activities by multiple partners collectively contribute to a given outcome), it is impossible to allocate specific funding amounts to each.

Governance Structure: A Management Board (chaired by International Trade Canada during 2006-2007) is responsible for planning, directing, managing and implementing this horizontal program. Day-to-day operations of TCI are managed by the TCI Directorate (consisting of five full-time staff), which is accountable to the host department (currently International Trade Canada) management structure. The TCI Directorate is responsible for directing and managing TCI Directorate human and financial resources and implementing TCI’s annual action plan. The Management Board consists of a Director General (DG)-level official (or equivalent) from each TCI federal member organization. There is also an Executive Committee, which consists of the five DG-level Management Board representatives from the five core members of TCI (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canadian Heritage, International Trade Canada, Industry Canada, and Natural Resources Canada). Each TCI partner provides specific products and services depending upon its mandate, which could focus on a particular function (e.g. financial products), industry sector (e.g. natural resources) or geographic area (e.g. Atlantic Canada).

Partners: TCI's membership in 2006-2007 included 12 federal departments and agencies that have a mandate and/or interest in working in partnership to assist Canadian businesses succeed in world markets.

Current members are:

  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)
  • Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA)
  • Canadian Economic Development for the Quebec Regions (CED-Q)
  • Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)
  • Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
  • Canadian Heritage (PCH)
  • Export Development Canada (EDC)
  • Industry Canada (IC)
  • Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT)
  • Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
  • Statistics Canada (StatsCan)
  • Western Economic Diversification (WD)

In addition, TCI works with an extensive partner network of non-federal organizations that share an interest in providing trade services to Canadian businesses. Partners demonstrate a commitment to the Team Canada Inc partnership concept and include provincial, territorial and municipal governments, community and economic development organizations, business associations, educational institutions, not-for-profit organizations and others.

Programs: (a) Online Export Portal; (b) 1-888 Export Information Service; (c) Information Products (print and online); and (d) Regional Trade Networks

Online Export Portal

Total Allocation: $130,000

Forecasted Spending for 2006-2007: $130,000

Actual Spending for 2006-2007: $130,000

Planned Results for 2006-2007: 10% usage increase per year

Results Achieved in 2006-2007: Visits to the Internet portal decreased by 12% in 2006-2007, reaching a total of over 325,205 visits. As part of a client satisfaction survey undertaken in 2006, 82% of respondents indicated that they were more aware of available export information following their visit to and 80% indicated they would use the site again (two key objectives). Approximately 40% indicated that was the only export website they used regularly.

1-888 Export Information Service

Total Allocation: $203,000

Forecasted Spending for 2006-2007: $203,000

Actual Spending for 2006-2007: $203,000

Planned Results for 2006-2007: Maintain current level of use

Results Achieved in 2006-2007: The toll-free export information service received 11,056 inquiries in 2006-2007, including 9,132 telephone calls and 1,924 inquiries from other service channels (an average of 921 inquiries per month). Phone calls received declined slightly from 11,371 in 2005-2006. Service standards with respect to the timeliness of responses were exceeded by 15.3%. The most recent client satisfaction evaluation indicated an 85% overall client satisfaction rating.

Note: The TCI budget for marketing and promotion activities was reduced in recent years and eliminated completely in fiscal year 2006-2007, resulting in an inability to raise awareness of TCI products and services. This could be an important factor in the decrease in the number of visits to the portal and inquiries to the toll-free export information service.

Regional Trade Networks

Total Allocation: $115,000

Forecasted Spending for 2006-2007: $115,000

Actual Spending for 2006-2007: $115,000

Planned Results for 2006-2007: 100% project completion

Results Achieved in 2006-2007: During 2006-2007, service delivery partners across Canada continued to be engaged to participate in the TCI network through a variety of intergovernmental outreach activities. They participated in 40 trade shows and over 30 other trade promotional events.

Information Products

The budget allocation for Information products was eliminated completely for fiscal year 2006-2007.


Total Allocation for 2006-2007: $834,500

Total Forecasted Spending for 2006-2007:  $834,500

Total Actual Spending for 2006-2007:  $834,500

Comments on Variances: Not applicable

Results Achieved by Non-federal Partners: Not applicable

Contact Information: Michael Calvert, Director, Team Canada Inc, Tel.: 613-943-4558

Approved by: Michael Calvert, Director, Team Canada Inc, Tel.: 613-943-4558


The total allocation for TCI activities was reduced in 2006-2007; therefore, overall spending and spending by program was decreased accordingly.

As of April 1, 2007, TCI’s dual mandates have migrated as follows:

  • TCI’s services to business, its tools and mandate became part of the new Online Trade & Investment Services Steering Committee (OTIS).
  • The strategic function will be strengthened and renewed through a new interdepartmental strategic forum on international commerce, which will allow for ongoing dialogue on the implementation of the Global Commerce Strategy (coordinated by DFAIT).

Date Approved: June 11, 2007

Horizontal Initiative: Global Peace and Security Fund
1. Name of Horizontal Initiative: Global Peace and Security Fund 2. Name of Lead Department(s): Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
3. Start Date of the Horizontal Initiative: Initiated October 2, 2005; operationalized September 18, 20061 4. End Date of the Horizontal Initiative: March 31, 2010 5. Total Federal Funding Allocation (start to end date): $610,5992

6. Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement):

The Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF), its component programs (Global Peace and Security Program, Global Peace Operations Program, and the Human Security Program3) was initially established at $100 million per year for five years to support urgent contributions to crisis response operations, to continue to address Canada's G8 Sea Island commitment to help build global peace support capacity, and to provide resources to Canada’s human security commitments. This was increased, in June 2007, to $235 million for 2007-2008 and $152 million per year each for 2008-2009 and 2009-2010. Funded from the Peace and Security Pool of the International Assistance Envelope, the GPSF fills a funding gap by providing dedicated resources for activities that are necessary for a timely response with respect to countries at risk of crisis, but that are not properly the responsibility of the Department of National Defence (DND) and are outside Canada’s traditional official development assistance Program. Examples of these activities are supporting peace support operations and peace processes, supporting justice and security system reform, addressing small arms and light weapons proliferation, addressing transitional justice and reconciliation, and improving the peace enforcement and peace support capacities of African military. Major recipients of funding are Afghanistan, Sudan and Haiti.

7. Shared Outcome(s):

  •  rapid, integrated, and better coordinated Canadian responses to international requirements for short- and medium-term conflict prevention, stabilization, peacebuilding and reconstruction;
  • improved Canadian contributions to the mitigation of natural disasters and complex emergencies and the restoration of peace, security, the rule of law and legitimate government in fragile states; and
  • expanded global and regional capacity for peace support operations.
8. Governance Structure(s):
The GPSF is managed by the Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force (START) Secretariat in the context of a whole-of-government approach coordinated through the START Advisory Board. Chaired by the Director General of the START Secretariat and comprising senior officials from across government, the START Advisory Board is responsible for establishing a whole-of-government strategic policy, priority setting and direction with respect to fragile states and complex emergencies within the framework of individual departmental authorities, as well as providing a platform for information exchange on program-related activities to ensure complementarily and avoid duplication. The START Secretariat is located in the International Security Branch of the department and is accountable to DFAIT, which is responsible for the financial, human resources and physical resource services for START.
9. Federal Partners 10. Names of Programs for Federal Partners 11. Total Allocation (from start to end date) 12. Planned Spending for 2006-2007 ($ millions) 13. Actual Spending in 2006-2007 ($ millions) 4 14. Expected Results for 2006-2007 15. Results Achieved in 2006-2007
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada GPSF and Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force (START) Secretariat   88,156 88,156 Implementation of GPSF projects and START activities as required, to be funded by GPSF internal resources 268 initiatives were supported, including in Afghanistan, Haiti and Sudan (further information on GPSF projects can be found in the DFAIT 2006-2007 Departmental Performance Report)
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)     45,500 68,934 Implementation of peace support operation and peacebuilding projects This included support to the African Union Mission in Sudan and the Middle East Peace Process5
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)      8,344 7,537 Implementation of RCMP International Police Peacekeeping projects This supported the deployment of about 250 serving members to Haiti, Afghanistan, Sudan, Bosnia, Jordan, Iraq, Cte d’Ivoire, East Timor and the Democratic Republic of Congo6
 Total     142,000 164,627    


  1. While the GPSF was created in October 2005, Treasury Board approved the GPSF Terms and Conditions only in September 2006. Programming from October 2005 to September 2006 was undertaken under the previous Human Security Program Terms and Conditions.
  2. This has now been increased to $760,187,000  (for the period of October 2005 to March 2010) following approval in June 2007 of new funds for the GPSF.
  3. In June 2007, the Human Security Program was renamed the Glyn Berry Program in honour of the dedicated Canadian diplomat killed in Afghanistan in 2006.
  4. While planned partners for GPSF activities in 2006-2007 were initially limited to CIDA and the RCMP, DFAIT increasingly works with other federal partners in the provision of expertise in supporting reconstruction and stabilization in fragile states in which the GPSF operates. As such, in 2006-2007, the actual total spending with federal partners was $165.7 million. This includes: with DND $0.318 million; with Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) $0.455 million; with Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) $0.040 million; and with Justice Canada $0.274 million.
  5. Due to urgent need on the ground, and the late approval of the GPSF Terms and Conditions (September 2006), DFAIT support to the African Union Mission in Sudan and the Middle East Peace Process was programmed under CIDA Terms and Conditions. The actual spending was higher than initially projected in response to needs on the ground, and in line with Government of Canada priorities.
  6. As serving members rotate to serve in UN and other missions each 9 to 12 months, at any given time throughout the fiscal year there are approximately 120 civilian officers deployed abroad through the Canadian Police Arrangement. However, a total of approximately 250 civilian police are deployed throughout the fiscal year.
16. Comments on Variances: The GPSF is both a responsive and directive program, established to deliver timely, focused, effective and accountable international assistance in response to critical peace and security challenges. DFAIT works with a wide range of government departments, including CIDA, the RCMP, DND, the CSC, the Canada Border Services Agency and Justice Canada. These partnerships include responding to direct requests from the United Nations to provide critical expertise in the area of justice and security system reform to the civilian components of UN peace operations. As such, the level of spending of the GPSF through federal partners varies in response to needs expressed by partner countries and multilateral agencies.
17. Results Achieved by Non-federal Partners: The GPSF works with a wide array of implementing partners, including international and regional organizations, such as the United Nations and its bodies, the Organization of American States and the African Union, as well as with non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, foreign governments and other legal entities. Further information on GPSF projects can be found in the DFAIT 2006-2007 Departmental Performance Report.
18. Contact Information: Don Sinclair, Director General, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Tel. 613-995-6689, Fax: 613-944-1226, Email: