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ARCHIVED - RPP 2006-2007
Correctional Service Canada

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SECTION IV - Other Items of Interest



First Nation, Métis or Inuit.

Aboriginal community

Aboriginal community is a First Nation, tribal council, band, community, organization or other group with a predominantly Aboriginal leadership.

Community-based Residential Facilities (CRF)

Facilities contracted from outside agencies or organizations to house federal offenders in the community.

Community Correctional Centre (CCC)

CCCs primarily house offenders on day parole and are designated as minimum-security institutions. In these, the director, parole officers and support staff work as a team, often in co-operation with community partners, to supervise and provide programs for offenders and prepare them for full parole.

Conditional Release

Conditional release helps offenders make a gradual, supervised return to society while serving their sentence.

  • Temporary Absences (TAs)
    Temporary Absences may be granted to offenders for medical, administrative, community service, family contact, or personal development reasons.
    Escorted temporary absence (ETA) may be granted at any time during the sentence.
    Unescorted temporary absence (UTA) may be granted after an offender has served one-sixth of the sentence or six months, whichever is greater.
  • Work Release (WR)
    Work release allows an offender classified as minimum or medium security and who is judged not to pose an undue risk to do paid or voluntary work in the community under supervision.
  • Day Parole (DP)
    Day parole allows an offender to participate in community-based activities to prepare for release on full parole or statutory release.
  • Full Parole (FP)
    Inmates are normally eligible to be considered for full parole by the National Parole Board after serving one-third of their sentence or seven years, whichever is less.
  • Statutory Release (SR)
    By law, offenders who are serving sentences of fixed length, and who have not been granted parole or had their parole revoked, are released on statutory release after serving two-thirds of their sentence, unless the NPB, following referral from CSC, orders a detention beyond the statutory release date. The NPB may do so if it is determined that the offender is likely to commit, before the end of the sentence: an offence causing death or serious harm to another person; a sexual offence involving a child; or a serious drug offence.


A Special Operating Agency (SOA) that employs federal offenders for its workforce and, in doing so, provides them with working skills and working habits necessary to compete in the workforce.

Correctional Programs

Correctional programs are designed to improve offenders' current knowledge and skill level, improving the likelihood of successful reintegration into the community upon release.

Criminogenic Needs

Criminogenic needs are characteristics that, when influenced, are associated with changes in the chance of recidivism. These needs are assessed and reassessed throughout the course of an offender's sentence across the following criminogenic need domains - Employment, Education, Family/Marital Relations, Associates, Substance Abuse, Community Functioning, Personal/Emotional Orientation, and Attitude.

Healing Lodge

These types of facilities may or may not be located on First Nations' reservation land. There are two distinct types of healing lodges available to offenders under the care and custody of CSC.

A section 81 healing lodge is an Aboriginal community-based correctional facility where the community has entered into an agreement with the Minister of Public Safety for the provision of correctional care and custody to Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders. The second type is located on CSC property and run by CSC with the assistance of the Aboriginal community.

Ion scanner

An ion scanner is an electronic device that has the ability to detect residual amounts of particular drugs on personal items such as money or credit cards.

Long Term Supervision Order (LTSO)

As per the Criminal Code of Canada, the Courts may impose an LTSO for an offender to be supervised in the community for a period of up to 10 years following warrant expiry if it is satisfied that there is a substantial risk that the offender will re-offend and there is a reasonable possibility of eventual control of the risk in the community.

Maximum Security Institutions

These facilities house offenders who pose a serious risk to staff, other offenders and the community. The perimeter of a maximum-security institution is well defined, highly secure and controlled. Offender movement and association are strictly regulated and directly supervised.

Medium Security Institutions

These facilities house offenders who pose a risk to the safety of the community. The perimeter of a medium-security institution is well defined, secure and controlled. Offender movement and association are regulated and generally supervised.

Minimum Security Institutions

The facilities house offenders who pose a limited risk to the safety of the community. The perimeter of a minimum-security institution is defined but not directly controlled. Offender movement and association within the institution are regulated under minimal supervision.

Medicine Wheel

The medicine wheel reflects research findings that culture, teachings and ceremonies (core aspects of Aboriginal identity) appear critical to the healing process.

Mental Health Care

Mental health care means the care of a disorder of thought, mood, perception, orientation or memory that significantly impairs judgment, behaviour, the capacity to recognize reality or the ability to meet the ordinary demands of life.


If parolees violate the conditions of their conditional release, or have been charged with a criminal offence, their conditional release (day parole, full parole) is suspended and they are re-incarcerated. Upon reviewing the case at a formal hearing, the NPB may then decide to revoke parole and have the offender remain incarcerated. If the offender's parole is not revoked the conditional release is reinstated.

Section 81 Agreement

Agreements with an Aboriginal community for the provision of correctional services to Aboriginal offenders. These agreements permit CSC, with the consent of the offender and the Aboriginal community, to transfer the care and custody of the offender to an Aboriginal community.

Security classification

Offenders are reviewed initially on admission and then periodically throughout their sentence and are classified as a maximum, medium or minimum security risk and normally placed in an institution of the same classification.

Special Operating Agency

An SOA is an operational unit of a department that functions within a framework agreement approved by the Deputy Minister, the Minister and Treasury Board.

Warrant Expiry Date (WED)

The date the sentence imposed by the courts officially ends.

Federal Institutions by Region and Security Level

Atlantic Region

Quebec Region

Atlantic Institution (Maximum)

Donnacona Institution (Maximum)

Nova Institution for Women (Multi)

Port-Cartier Institution (Maximum)

Shepody Healing Centre (Multi)

Regional Reception Centre (Maximum)

Dorchester Penitentiary (Medium)

Joliette Institution (Multi)

Springhill Institution (Medium)

Regional Mental Health Centre (Multi)

Westmorland Institution (Minimum)

Archambault Institution (Medium)

Carlton CCC (Minimum)

Cowansville Institution (Medium)

Carlton Annex CCC (Minimum)

Drummond Institution (Medium)

Newfoundland and Labrador CCC (Min)

La Macaza Institution (Medium)

Parrtown CCC (Minimum)

Leclerc Institution (Medium)


Federal Training Centre (Minimum)


Montée Saint-François Institution (Min)

Ontario Region

Sainte-Anne-des Plaines Institution (Min)

Kingston Penitentiary (Maximum)

Hochelaga CCC (Minimum)

Millhaven Institution (Maximum)

Laferrière CCC (Minimum)

Grand Valley Institution for Women (Multi)

Marcel Caron CCC (Minimum)

Regional Treatment Centre (Multi)

Martineau CCC (Minimum)

Bath Institution (Medium)

Ogilvy CCC (Minimum)

Collins Bay Institution (Medium)

Sherbrooke CCC (Minimum)

Fenbrook Institution (Medium)


Joyceville Institution (Medium)


Warkworth Institution (Medium)

Prairie Region

Beaver Creek Institution (Minimum)

Edmonton Institution (Maximum)

Frontenac Institution (Minimum)

Edmonton Institution for Women (Multi)

Isabel McNeill (Minimum)

Okimaw Ohci Healing Lodge (Minimum)

Pittsburg Institution (Minimum)

Regional Psychiatric Centre (Multi)

Hamilton CCC (Minimum)

Saskatchewan Penitentiary (Multi)

Keele CCC (Minimum)

Bowden Institution (Medium)


Bowden Annex (Minimum)


Drumheller Institution (Medium)


Drumheller Annex (Minimum)

Pacific Region

Stony Mountain Institution (Medium)

Kent Institution (Maximum)

Grande Cache Institution (Minimum)

Fraser Valley Institution for Women (Multi)

Riverbend Institution (Minimum)

Pacific Institution (Multi)

Rockwood Institution (Minimum)

Regional Treatment Centre (Multi)

Willow Cree Healing Lodge (Minimum)

Matsqui Institution (Medium)

Grierson Centre (Minimum)

Mission Institution (Medium)

Pê Sâkâstêw (Minimum)

Mountain Institution (Medium)

Osborne CCC (Minimum)

Ferndale Institution (Minimum)

Oskana CCC (Minimum)

Kwikwèxwelhp Healing Village (Min)


William Head Institution (Minimum)


Chilliwack CCC (Minimum)





Further information:

Correctional Service of Canada Internet site :

Jennifer Wheatley
Director General
Performance Assurance

340 Laurier Avenue West
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0P9

Telephone: (613) 992-8723
Facsimile: (613) 995-5064


Lynn Garrow
Assistant Commissioner
Performance Assurance

340 Laurier Avenue West
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0P9

Telephone: (613) 996-1710
Facsimile: (613) 943-9292