2020 Public Service Employee Survey Results for Public Prosecution Service of Canada by Question 122. What is your sexual orientation?

The results of the 2020 Public Service Employee Survey (PSES) are presented according to the numerical order of questions, grouped by section theme as they appeared in the questionnaire. Results are not shown when there is no historical comparison, or when there is an insufficient number of responses.

Note: Due to rounding, percentages may not add to 100. Results have been adjusted for non-response to better represent the target population. Therefore, percentages should not be used to determine the number of respondents within a response category. The results for "Most positive or least negative answers" and "Least positive and most negative answers" are calculated by removing the "Don't know" and "Not applicable" responses from the total responses.

Survey Themes

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My Job

Question 1. I have the tools, technology and equipment I need to do my job.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 28 46 4 18 4 0 0 74 22 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 21 48 0 31 0 0 0 69 31 17
2020 Bisexual 20 51 0 22 6 0 0 72 28 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 27 48 2 19 4 0 0 75 23 112

Question 2. The material and tools provided for my work, including software and other automated tools, are available in the official language of my choice.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 78 16 2 1 1 1 1 95 2 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 87 6 6 0 0 0 0 94 0 17
2020 Bisexual 83 17 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 81 13 4 0 1 1 0 95 1 111

Question 3. My physical environment (e.g., office, workspace) is suitable for my job requirements.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 30 38 9 18 5 0 0 68 23 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 23 39 6 13 19 0 0 62 32 17
2020 Bisexual 49 29 0 16 6 0 0 78 22 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 26 43 13 11 6 0 1 69 17 112
2019 Heterosexual 43 37 5 11 4 0 0 80 15 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 53 37 5 5 0 0 0 90 5 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 34 36 10 9 9 0 1 71 19 109

Question 4. I get the training I need to do my job.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 30 42 9 13 6 0 1 72 19 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 30 42 0 16 12 0 0 72 28 17
2020 Bisexual 28 49 6 17 0 0 0 78 17 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 26 41 11 13 7 0 1 68 20 112
2019 Heterosexual 25 42 9 16 7 0 0 67 24 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 27 40 6 22 5 0 0 67 27 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 16 38 13 19 12 0 1 55 32 109
2018 Heterosexual 25 46 7 15 6 0 1 71 22 480
2018 Gay or lesbian 39 50 11 0 0 0 0 89 0 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 16 38 13 20 13 0 1 55 32 130

Question 5. I have the information, training and equipment I need to ensure my health and safety at work.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 39 37 9 11 4 0 0 76 15 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 39 30 6 11 13 0 0 70 24 17
2020 Bisexual 36 31 11 17 6 0 0 66 23 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 35 33 16 11 4 0 1 68 15 110
2019 Heterosexual 43 36 8 9 3 0 0 79 12 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 59 26 0 15 0 0 0 85 15 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 30 37 19 12 3 0 0 67 15 110

Question 6. I have support at work to balance my work and personal life.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 36 37 8 11 8 0 0 73 19 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 27 32 11 19 11 0 0 58 30 17
2020 Bisexual 31 39 6 12 12 0 0 70 24 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 33 28 14 14 9 1 0 62 24 111
2019 Heterosexual 35 32 10 13 9 0 0 68 22 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 58 17 5 10 10 0 0 74 20 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 30 31 12 10 17 1 0 61 27 109
2018 Heterosexual 37 38 7 9 8 0 0 76 17 476
2018 Gay or lesbian 54 24 0 4 18 0 0 78 22 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 35 24 9 15 15 2 0 60 31 129

Question 7. I get a sense of satisfaction from my work.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 40 41 9 6 3 0 0 81 9 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 23 61 5 5 6 0 0 84 11 17
2020 Bisexual 38 44 0 18 0 0 0 82 18 17
2020 Prefer not to answer 41 38 9 9 4 0 0 78 13 110
2019 Heterosexual 44 36 9 7 3 0 0 80 11 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 58 37 5 0 0 0 0 95 0 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 37 40 11 8 4 0 1 77 11 110
2018 Heterosexual 40 42 8 6 3 0 0 82 10 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 55 19 11 11 4 0 0 74 15 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 30 40 14 9 6 1 0 71 15 130

Question 8. I receive meaningful recognition for work well done.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 30 36 12 13 9 0 0 66 22 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 27 42 13 11 6 0 0 70 18 17
2020 Bisexual 26 40 16 18 0 0 0 66 18 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 24 38 14 14 8 1 1 63 22 112
2019 Heterosexual 30 34 13 12 11 0 0 64 23 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 37 37 10 16 0 0 0 74 16 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 27 26 6 24 15 1 0 54 40 110
2018 Heterosexual 26 35 15 14 11 0 0 61 24 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 24 43 15 15 4 0 0 67 19 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 19 31 13 14 23 1 0 50 37 130

Question 9. I have clear work objectives.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 34 44 10 10 2 0 0 78 12 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 35 42 12 11 0 0 0 77 11 17
2020 Bisexual 37 35 6 17 6 0 0 71 23 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 28 49 7 11 5 1 0 77 16 112
2019 Heterosexual 35 43 10 8 4 0 0 78 12 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 48 37 5 10 0 0 0 85 10 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 27 33 15 16 8 0 0 61 24 108
2018 Heterosexual 33 43 9 9 5 0 0 77 14 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 33 40 7 15 4 0 0 73 19 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 28 32 18 11 10 0 0 61 22 128

Question 10. I know how my work contributes to the achievement of my department's or agency's goals.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 50 36 6 5 2 0 0 87 7 478
2020 Gay or lesbian 46 42 6 6 0 0 0 88 6 17
2020 Bisexual 48 40 6 0 6 0 0 88 6 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 48 38 5 7 1 1 0 87 8 112
2019 Heterosexual 48 37 8 4 3 0 0 86 7 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 48 37 11 5 0 0 0 84 5 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 42 40 7 5 6 0 0 82 11 109
2018 Heterosexual 50 36 8 4 2 1 0 86 6 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 55 33 4 8 0 0 0 88 8 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 40 34 15 5 5 0 0 74 11 129

Question 11. Overall, I feel valued at work.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 33 36 14 10 8 0 0 69 18 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 27 49 6 18 0 0 0 76 18 17
2020 Bisexual 30 41 6 6 17 0 0 71 23 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 35 35 9 9 11 1 0 71 20 112
2019 Heterosexual 36 32 10 10 12 0 0 69 21 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 58 21 0 21 0 0 0 79 21 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 29 31 11 15 15 0 0 60 30 110
2018 Heterosexual 30 38 11 12 8 0 0 69 20 480
2018 Gay or lesbian 44 23 22 11 0 0 0 67 11 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 31 22 12 15 19 0 0 54 34 129

Question 12. I am proud of the work that I do.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 55 33 9 3 1 0 0 88 3 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 47 35 6 5 6 0 0 82 11 17
2020 Bisexual 52 36 6 0 6 0 0 88 6 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 57 30 8 5 1 0 0 86 6 111
2019 Heterosexual 60 30 7 2 1 0 0 90 3 421
2019 Gay or lesbian 63 32 5 0 0 0 0 95 0 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 53 35 7 2 3 0 0 88 5 110
2018 Heterosexual 54 36 7 2 1 0 0 91 2 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 64 23 4 8 0 0 0 87 8 25
2018 Prefer not to answer 53 34 8 4 1 0 0 87 5 129

Question 13. I have opportunities to provide input into decisions that affect my work.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 36 38 10 9 7 0 0 74 16 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 27 49 11 13 0 0 0 76 13 17
2020 Bisexual 26 45 11 11 6 0 0 72 17 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 30 32 15 10 13 1 0 62 23 111
2019 Heterosexual 33 35 8 14 9 0 0 69 23 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 63 11 5 20 0 0 0 75 20 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 30 31 14 17 8 0 0 61 25 110
2018 Heterosexual 29 41 10 12 8 0 0 70 20 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 41 35 11 12 0 0 0 77 12 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 24 31 17 14 14 0 0 56 28 128

Question 14. I am encouraged to be innovative or to take initiative in my work.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 37 35 13 9 5 0 0 72 15 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 23 30 30 6 11 0 0 53 17 17
2020 Bisexual 15 44 30 0 11 0 0 59 11 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 30 31 22 11 4 2 0 62 16 112
2019 Heterosexual 32 33 16 11 8 0 0 65 19 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 58 21 0 15 6 0 0 79 21 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 32 24 26 10 8 0 0 56 18 110
2018 Heterosexual 31 35 15 12 6 0 1 66 18 475
2018 Gay or lesbian 51 15 18 12 4 0 0 66 16 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 24 30 24 10 12 0 0 54 22 130

Question 15. I have support at work to provide a high level of service.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 28 43 11 13 6 0 0 71 19 477
2020 Gay or lesbian 27 43 0 19 11 0 0 70 30 17
2020 Bisexual 21 34 17 22 6 0 0 55 28 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 26 33 11 19 7 2 0 61 27 109
2019 Heterosexual 25 42 11 15 7 0 0 67 22 420
2019 Gay or lesbian 42 38 0 10 10 0 0 80 20 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 22 35 11 20 13 0 0 57 33 107
2018 Heterosexual 26 40 13 12 9 0 0 66 21 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 48 18 8 11 16 0 0 66 26 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 21 23 19 18 19 1 0 44 37 130

Question 16. Overall, I like my job.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 44 38 9 7 1 0 0 82 9 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 33 55 0 5 6 0 0 89 11 17
2020 Bisexual 18 50 18 8 6 0 0 68 14 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 45 40 8 6 1 0 0 85 7 112
2019 Heterosexual 45 38 9 6 2 0 0 83 8 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 69 21 5 5 0 0 0 90 5 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 39 36 18 4 4 0 0 74 7 110
2018 Heterosexual 43 40 10 5 2 0 0 83 7 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 53 20 11 12 4 0 0 73 16 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 38 36 12 5 9 0 1 74 14 130

Question 17. I can complete my assigned workload during my regular working hours.

Survey year Demographic Always/almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 19 30 21 15 15 0 0 49 30 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 17 27 19 24 13 0 0 44 37 17
2020 Bisexual 16 0 31 29 23 0 0 16 52 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 20 28 25 13 13 0 1 48 26 112
2019 Heterosexual 17 33 22 14 15 0 0 50 29 421
2019 Gay or lesbian 33 11 21 10 26 0 0 43 36 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 27 25 20 11 15 1 1 53 27 108
2018 Heterosexual 23 31 20 12 14 0 1 54 26 480
2018 Gay or lesbian 25 33 20 4 18 0 0 58 22 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 25 29 23 10 14 0 0 53 24 130

Question 18a. I feel that the quality of my work suffers because of... constantly changing priorities.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 6 17 34 30 11 0 1 42 23 478
2020 Gay or lesbian 12 5 46 24 13 0 0 37 17 16
2020 Bisexual 3 27 22 25 17 6 0 45 32 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 7 18 30 28 15 2 1 44 25 112
2019 Heterosexual 7 14 31 32 15 1 1 47 21 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 0 32 26 37 5 0 0 42 32 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 7 19 33 25 11 3 4 38 27 110
2018 Heterosexual 5 15 29 31 17 1 2 49 21 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 7 17 24 30 15 0 7 49 25 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 9 23 25 27 11 1 3 40 33 130

Question 18b. I feel that the quality of my work suffers because of... lack of stability in my department or agency.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 6 12 22 32 25 2 2 58 19 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 5 6 18 47 24 0 0 71 11 17
2020 Bisexual 14 0 35 29 22 0 0 51 14 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 3 8 33 31 19 2 4 53 12 109
2019 Heterosexual 11 15 25 26 21 1 0 48 27 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 5 11 15 31 37 0 0 69 16 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 10 21 30 21 12 2 4 35 33 110
2018 Heterosexual 7 17 25 29 19 2 2 49 25 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 11 15 21 24 25 0 4 50 27 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 13 22 29 20 12 2 3 33 37 130

Question 18c. I feel that the quality of my work suffers because of... too many approval stages.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 6 16 33 29 12 1 2 42 23 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 11 0 49 23 16 0 0 40 11 17
2020 Bisexual 0 22 28 28 22 0 0 50 22 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 9 10 27 29 16 3 6 50 21 111
2019 Heterosexual 10 16 27 26 19 1 1 46 27 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 11 12 22 29 27 0 0 56 22 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 8 18 29 27 14 3 3 43 27 109
2018 Heterosexual 10 15 31 23 18 1 2 43 25 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 3 26 22 23 21 0 4 46 31 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 11 16 33 26 8 2 4 36 28 130

Question 18d. I feel that the quality of my work suffers because of... unreasonable deadlines.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 3 11 35 35 14 1 1 49 14 474
2020 Gay or lesbian 6 0 64 24 6 0 0 30 6 17
2020 Bisexual 5 12 36 18 23 6 0 44 18 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 4 12 37 27 15 2 2 44 17 112
2019 Heterosexual 5 11 35 33 15 0 1 49 16 423
2019 Gay or lesbian 0 11 32 40 17 0 0 57 11 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 5 13 34 28 15 1 4 45 19 109
2018 Heterosexual 3 10 31 37 16 0 2 55 13 476
2018 Gay or lesbian 4 4 43 27 18 0 4 47 8 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 7 13 28 35 11 1 5 49 21 129

Question 18e. I feel that the quality of my work suffers because of... having to do the same or more work, but with fewer resources.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 19 22 28 19 10 2 1 30 41 478
2020 Gay or lesbian 18 25 40 5 6 0 5 12 45 17
2020 Bisexual 19 18 30 11 16 6 0 29 40 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 18 28 26 15 10 0 4 26 47 112
2019 Heterosexual 23 26 25 14 10 1 1 25 50 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 32 11 34 18 6 0 0 23 43 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 31 20 23 8 11 3 4 21 55 110
2018 Heterosexual 21 23 30 14 10 1 1 24 46 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 28 23 30 11 4 0 4 16 53 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 31 27 19 10 10 2 2 20 60 129

Question 18f. I feel that the quality of my work suffers because of... high staff turnover.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 10 13 26 29 17 4 1 49 24 477
2020 Gay or lesbian 12 17 24 24 23 0 0 47 29 17
2020 Bisexual 17 17 22 32 6 6 0 40 37 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 7 15 27 25 16 3 7 45 25 112
2019 Heterosexual 19 18 24 20 15 1 2 37 39 422
2019 Gay or lesbian 26 27 32 5 11 0 0 16 52 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 24 16 25 13 13 2 7 28 43 110
2018 Heterosexual 13 19 25 23 17 1 2 41 33 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 27 2 19 45 3 0 4 50 30 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 24 18 23 15 13 3 4 31 45 130

Question 18g. I feel that the quality of my work suffers because of... overly complicated or unnecessary business processes.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 7 16 36 23 14 2 2 39 24 477
2020 Gay or lesbian 11 18 49 0 16 6 0 18 30 17
2020 Bisexual 14 23 29 17 17 0 0 34 37 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 11 23 27 22 12 1 3 35 36 111
2019 Heterosexual 9 18 34 21 15 1 1 37 28 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 26 10 27 26 11 0 0 37 36 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 10 22 28 16 15 3 6 34 36 109
2018 Heterosexual 10 19 32 21 14 2 2 36 30 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 11 11 36 20 19 0 4 40 23 26
2018 Prefer not to answer 18 21 27 18 8 3 5 28 42 130

Question 18h. I feel that the quality of my work suffers because of... unreliable technology.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 9 24 42 17 6 1 0 24 34 478
2020 Gay or lesbian 12 25 46 11 5 0 0 16 37 17
2020 Bisexual 11 17 41 21 11 0 0 32 27 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 6 27 41 12 12 2 1 25 33 112
2019 Heterosexual 14 26 32 19 9 0 1 28 40 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 27 26 16 11 21 0 0 32 52 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 12 24 41 13 6 1 4 19 37 110
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My Work Unit

Question 19. I am satisfied with how interpersonal issues are resolved in my work unit.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 24 28 18 12 9 7 2 57 23 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 46 24 13 0 11 6 0 74 12 17
2020 Bisexual 5 26 17 12 28 12 0 35 46 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 16 24 22 16 11 9 3 44 31 112
2019 Heterosexual 23 27 17 13 13 6 1 53 28 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 53 32 5 5 5 0 0 85 10 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 19 19 21 18 15 5 4 41 35 109
2018 Heterosexual 17 31 18 16 11 5 1 52 29 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 31 15 22 20 8 4 0 48 29 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 11 25 16 16 23 7 2 40 43 129

Question 20. In my work unit, every individual is accepted as an equal member of the team.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 43 26 8 12 10 1 0 70 22 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 51 44 0 5 0 0 0 95 5 17
2020 Bisexual 13 40 0 18 24 6 0 56 44 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 34 21 19 11 12 3 0 57 23 111
2019 Heterosexual 36 29 9 15 10 1 0 66 25 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 64 21 5 5 5 0 0 85 10 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 29 27 7 21 16 1 0 56 37 110
2018 Heterosexual 31 33 7 14 13 1 0 66 27 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 54 23 4 8 8 3 0 80 16 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 24 24 9 21 22 1 0 48 43 128

Question 21. In my work unit, individuals behave in a respectful manner.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 47 32 6 10 5 0 0 79 15 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 70 30 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 17
2020 Bisexual 21 43 25 11 0 0 0 64 11 17
2020 Prefer not to answer 45 35 7 5 7 1 0 81 12 112
2019 Heterosexual 43 33 8 9 7 0 0 76 16 422
2019 Gay or lesbian 74 16 0 5 5 0 0 90 10 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 39 32 9 15 4 0 0 72 19 108
2018 Heterosexual 38 38 9 10 5 0 0 76 15 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 65 27 0 0 8 0 0 92 8 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 31 31 13 14 11 0 0 62 25 128

Question 22. The people I work with value my ideas and opinions.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 43 34 12 6 5 1 0 78 11 477
2020 Gay or lesbian 57 38 5 0 0 0 0 95 0 17
2020 Bisexual 14 46 6 17 6 11 0 68 25 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 40 32 14 8 2 2 1 74 11 111
2019 Heterosexual 41 36 11 6 5 1 0 78 11 423
2019 Gay or lesbian 58 31 5 6 0 0 0 89 6 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 32 35 12 12 8 1 0 68 20 110
2018 Heterosexual 36 41 11 7 4 1 0 78 11 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 55 37 0 8 0 0 0 92 8 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 29 35 15 12 7 1 0 66 19 129

Question 23. In my work unit, I would feel free to speak about racism in the workplace without fear of reprisal.

Racism refers to any individual action or institutional practice which treats people differently because of their colour or ethnicity.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 47 24 11 5 5 5 2 77 11 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 44 25 0 18 0 6 6 80 20 17
2020 Bisexual 26 27 0 12 29 6 0 57 43 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 36 19 18 8 11 6 2 60 20 112
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My Immediate Supervisor

Question 24. My immediate supervisor encourages me to work collaboratively with others outside of my work unit.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 49 24 16 5 3 1 2 75 8 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 40 24 24 5 0 0 6 69 5 17
2020 Bisexual 37 23 17 11 0 6 6 68 12 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 39 27 17 6 4 0 7 71 11 112
2019 Heterosexual 44 25 18 5 4 0 4 72 9 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 63 10 16 5 0 0 6 78 5 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 37 25 15 8 6 2 7 68 16 110

Question 25. I receive useful feedback from my immediate supervisor on my job performance.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 41 30 12 9 7 1 0 72 16 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 46 19 0 18 18 0 0 65 35 17
2020 Bisexual 26 46 0 17 6 6 0 76 24 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 35 36 10 7 10 1 2 73 17 108
2019 Heterosexual 39 32 11 11 8 0 0 71 18 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 42 37 5 16 0 0 0 79 16 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 32 35 10 13 9 0 1 68 22 110
2018 Heterosexual 37 33 12 12 5 0 0 70 17 481
2018 Gay or lesbian 43 34 7 12 4 0 0 78 16 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 31 27 18 10 14 0 0 58 25 129

Question 26. I feel that my immediate supervisor supports my career goals.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 50 20 16 6 5 1 1 72 11 477
2020 Gay or lesbian 39 32 12 5 12 0 0 71 17 17
2020 Bisexual 33 29 10 22 0 6 0 66 24 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 41 29 14 5 6 3 2 74 12 110

Question 27. My immediate supervisor keeps me informed about the issues affecting my work.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 46 26 10 9 7 1 1 73 16 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 34 37 0 18 12 0 0 70 30 17
2020 Bisexual 28 29 18 8 6 6 6 64 16 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 38 30 12 9 7 3 0 70 17 112
2019 Heterosexual 41 30 10 9 9 0 0 72 18 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 56 22 5 11 6 0 0 78 17 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 32 30 12 15 6 1 3 65 23 110
2018 Heterosexual 43 29 11 10 6 1 1 73 16 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 43 34 11 7 4 0 0 78 11 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 36 24 16 14 10 0 1 60 24 129

Question 28. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, have you requested flexible work hours, either formally or informally?

Flexible work hours mean that an employee is able to vary the start and end times of their workday.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 43 57 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 53 47 17
2020 Bisexual 45 55 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 41 59 112

Question 29. During the COVID-19 pandemic, my immediate supervisor supported the use of flexible work hours.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 62 16 7 3 1 2 8 88 4 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 63 25 0 0 5 6 0 95 5 17
2020 Bisexual 61 16 0 6 6 0 11 87 13 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 53 18 9 2 1 5 13 86 3 112

Question 30. I am satisfied with the quality of supervision I receive.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 53 25 10 7 5 1 1 79 12 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 47 30 6 12 5 0 0 77 17 17
2020 Bisexual 56 14 12 12 0 0 6 75 12 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 50 25 9 8 5 1 3 78 13 112
2019 Heterosexual 49 28 9 6 8 0 0 77 13 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 48 31 5 16 0 0 0 79 16 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 43 26 10 12 8 0 0 70 20 110
2018 Heterosexual 50 27 11 7 5 0 0 77 12 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 59 26 3 8 4 0 0 85 12 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 37 29 13 8 13 0 0 66 21 128
Top of page

Senior Management

Question 31. Senior managers in my department or agency lead by example in ethical behaviour.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 45 28 11 6 7 3 0 75 13 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 72 12 6 5 5 0 0 84 10 17
2020 Bisexual 38 22 17 6 18 0 0 60 24 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 34 26 12 9 8 11 1 68 18 112
2019 Heterosexual 40 29 11 10 7 3 0 71 17 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 58 21 5 5 5 6 0 84 11 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 29 32 16 8 9 5 0 65 18 110
2018 Heterosexual 41 28 15 6 6 4 0 72 12 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 50 27 11 4 4 4 0 80 8 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 30 24 17 11 14 4 0 57 26 130

Question 32. I have confidence in the senior management of my department or agency.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 41 28 13 7 9 2 0 70 17 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 53 24 6 12 5 0 0 77 17 17
2020 Bisexual 21 33 17 11 12 6 0 57 25 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 29 30 16 11 9 3 1 62 21 111
2019 Heterosexual 34 30 14 11 11 0 0 64 22 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 42 31 11 11 5 0 0 73 16 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 29 32 10 12 15 2 0 62 27 110
2018 Heterosexual 33 33 13 10 9 1 0 67 19 476
2018 Gay or lesbian 36 28 12 16 8 0 0 64 24 26
2018 Prefer not to answer 21 28 16 15 19 1 0 50 34 130

Question 33. Senior management in my department or agency makes effective and timely decisions.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 31 30 16 11 9 2 0 63 21 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 22 49 13 0 16 0 0 71 16 17
2020 Bisexual 12 34 12 24 12 6 0 50 38 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 20 30 18 19 7 5 1 53 28 110
2019 Heterosexual 25 31 16 15 11 3 0 57 26 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 42 16 16 16 5 5 0 61 22 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 22 26 9 18 17 7 0 52 38 109
2018 Heterosexual 24 30 17 15 11 4 0 55 27 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 27 37 4 20 13 0 0 64 33 25
2018 Prefer not to answer 16 22 23 15 23 2 0 39 38 130

Question 34. Essential information flows effectively from senior management to staff.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 32 30 13 14 10 1 0 63 24 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 34 31 6 11 18 0 0 65 29 17
2020 Bisexual 0 42 6 46 6 0 0 42 52 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 21 34 13 20 11 2 0 56 31 112
2019 Heterosexual 21 32 15 14 16 1 0 54 30 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 32 22 10 31 5 0 0 53 37 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 19 24 14 19 19 6 0 45 41 110
2018 Heterosexual 20 31 15 18 14 2 0 52 33 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 28 27 7 15 22 0 0 55 38 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 14 21 18 20 26 1 0 36 46 130

Question 35. Senior managers in my department or agency use both official languages in their interactions with employees.

Survey year Demographic Always/Almost always
(%)
Often
(%)
Sometimes
(%)
Rarely
(%)
Never/Almost never
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 41 15 11 5 8 13 7 70 17 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 35 12 13 10 12 6 13 57 27 17
2020 Bisexual 19 21 6 18 24 6 6 46 47 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 38 14 4 7 10 18 9 72 23 112
2019 Heterosexual 42 14 9 5 11 13 5 69 20 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 53 26 0 0 16 0 5 83 17 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 34 12 10 7 9 19 9 64 23 110
Top of page

My Organization (Department or Agency)

Question 36. My department or agency does a good job of communicating its vision, mission and goals.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 32 38 17 7 5 1 0 71 12 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 21 51 18 6 5 0 0 72 11 17
2020 Bisexual 0 83 12 6 0 0 0 83 6 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 27 42 14 10 3 4 0 72 13 112
2019 Heterosexual 28 39 17 8 6 1 0 68 15 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 32 47 0 5 16 0 0 79 21 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 24 38 17 11 9 1 0 63 20 108
2018 Heterosexual 23 41 20 9 5 2 0 65 14 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 32 37 4 27 0 0 0 69 27 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 19 37 20 12 12 0 1 56 24 130

Question 37. I feel that change is managed well in my department or agency.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 20 38 17 14 8 2 0 59 23 477
2020 Gay or lesbian 22 36 13 18 11 0 0 58 29 17
2020 Bisexual 0 50 23 20 6 0 0 50 26 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 18 31 19 17 11 4 0 51 29 112
2019 Heterosexual 14 32 21 18 12 4 0 48 31 423
2019 Gay or lesbian 23 34 0 33 11 0 0 56 44 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 12 25 26 17 19 2 0 37 37 109

Question 38. If I am faced with an ethical dilemma or a conflict between values in the workplace, I know where I can go for help in resolving the situation.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 39 35 12 6 6 2 0 75 12 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 46 37 12 0 5 0 0 83 5 17
2020 Bisexual 31 35 0 17 17 0 0 66 34 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 39 26 14 8 9 2 1 68 18 112
2019 Heterosexual 40 34 10 8 7 1 0 74 15 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 58 27 10 0 5 0 0 84 5 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 32 31 13 11 11 1 0 64 22 109
2018 Heterosexual 38 35 11 8 5 2 1 75 14 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 57 28 11 4 0 0 0 85 4 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 30 33 9 14 12 1 0 64 26 129

Question 39. My department or agency does a good job of promoting values and ethics in the workplace.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 42 33 15 4 5 0 0 76 10 477
2020 Gay or lesbian 40 38 17 5 0 0 0 78 5 17
2020 Bisexual 12 48 17 12 6 5 0 63 19 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 33 32 17 8 5 5 0 68 14 111
2019 Heterosexual 37 32 16 8 7 0 0 69 15 422
2019 Gay or lesbian 47 37 6 0 5 0 5 89 5 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 30 28 24 7 10 1 0 59 17 107
2018 Heterosexual 33 36 20 6 5 0 0 69 11 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 45 32 7 16 0 0 0 77 16 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 22 30 27 10 10 1 0 52 21 130

Question 40. I feel I can initiate a formal recourse process (e.g., grievance, complaint, appeal) without fear of reprisal.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 21 22 16 15 14 9 2 49 33 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 22 13 18 6 23 13 5 42 36 17
2020 Bisexual 17 22 6 24 21 10 0 43 50 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 15 23 16 11 24 9 2 43 39 112
2019 Heterosexual 18 21 14 16 19 10 1 45 40 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 42 16 5 5 16 16 0 69 25 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 18 17 17 15 24 7 1 39 43 108
2018 Heterosexual 17 22 17 17 17 9 2 44 38 474
2018 Gay or lesbian 25 21 23 7 24 0 0 46 31 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 13 19 10 24 28 5 1 34 55 129

Question 41. My department or agency does a good job of supporting employee career development.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 23 34 14 16 12 2 1 58 28 476
2020 Gay or lesbian 22 38 13 15 12 0 0 60 27 17
2020 Bisexual 12 29 5 28 14 6 6 47 48 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 18 33 16 12 18 4 0 53 31 112
2019 Heterosexual 21 29 16 17 17 1 0 50 34 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 37 20 5 17 21 0 0 57 38 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 19 24 12 21 22 1 1 44 44 110
2018 Heterosexual 20 29 16 18 14 2 0 50 33 481
2018 Gay or lesbian 33 21 4 34 8 0 0 54 42 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 14 15 22 22 26 0 1 29 49 130

Question 42. I believe I have opportunities for promotion within my department or agency, given my education, skills and experience.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 20 26 13 13 21 3 2 49 37 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 28 32 11 29 0 0 0 60 29 17
2020 Bisexual 12 28 0 34 26 0 0 40 60 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 14 26 14 18 22 3 3 42 43 111
2019 Heterosexual 19 23 14 16 25 1 2 43 42 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 31 21 5 21 16 0 5 56 39 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 15 18 6 21 34 4 2 35 58 110
2018 Heterosexual 15 23 12 18 26 2 3 40 47 480
2018 Gay or lesbian 19 11 18 22 30 0 0 30 52 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 11 17 11 19 40 0 2 28 61 129

Question 43a. To what extent have the following adversely affected your career progress in the federal public service over the last 12 months? Conflict between my work obligations and my family or personal obligations

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 45 24 14 8 5 1 2 72 13 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 38 31 24 0 6 0 0 70 6 17
2020 Bisexual 32 34 22 0 6 6 0 70 6 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 40 23 12 6 9 3 7 71 16 112
2019 Heterosexual 48 21 16 6 5 1 3 72 12 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 64 21 10 0 5 0 0 85 5 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 50 20 9 6 4 4 6 79 11 109

Question 43b. To what extent have the following adversely affected your career progress in the federal public service over the last 12 months? Lack of access to learning opportunities

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 49 21 14 8 4 1 2 73 12 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 47 18 23 6 6 0 0 65 12 17
2020 Bisexual 35 16 18 21 11 0 0 51 31 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 32 26 20 7 5 3 6 64 13 112
2019 Heterosexual 39 25 16 8 9 1 2 65 18 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 42 27 31 0 0 0 0 69 0 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 27 28 19 6 12 1 6 59 20 110

Question 43c. To what extent have the following adversely affected your career progress in the federal public service over the last 12 months? Discrimination

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 74 9 5 2 3 3 3 89 5 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 88 6 0 0 0 6 0 100 0 17
2020 Bisexual 55 18 0 6 9 6 6 83 17 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 68 2 8 4 5 5 7 80 10 112
2019 Heterosexual 76 7 4 3 3 4 3 90 7 422
2019 Gay or lesbian 95 0 5 0 0 0 0 95 0 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 62 10 4 6 4 8 6 85 11 110

Question 43d. To what extent have the following adversely affected your career progress in the federal public service over the last 12 months? Accessibility or accommodation issues

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 76 10 4 3 1 1 5 91 4 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 81 7 12 0 0 0 0 88 0 16
2020 Bisexual 66 12 10 5 0 0 6 83 5 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 62 7 10 4 2 3 13 82 6 112
2019 Heterosexual 81 6 1 1 2 1 7 95 3 421
2019 Gay or lesbian 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 0 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 64 6 6 0 4 6 15 88 5 109

Question 44. I feel I would be supported by my department or agency if I proposed a new idea.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 27 40 15 10 5 3 0 69 16 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 29 48 18 0 5 0 0 77 5 17
2020 Bisexual 11 49 6 23 6 6 0 63 31 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 22 38 17 11 8 5 0 62 20 112
2019 Heterosexual 21 39 17 13 6 2 0 62 20 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 37 48 10 0 0 5 0 89 0 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 19 32 16 20 10 3 0 52 31 110
2018 Heterosexual 20 36 21 11 8 4 1 58 20 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 36 33 7 24 0 0 0 70 24 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 15 23 24 20 16 2 0 39 37 130

Question 45. I think that my department or agency respects individual differences (e.g., culture, work styles, ideas, abilities).

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 34 40 11 8 5 2 0 75 14 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 40 42 6 11 0 0 0 82 11 17
2020 Bisexual 21 37 18 17 6 0 0 59 24 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 33 36 12 10 5 4 0 72 16 111
2019 Heterosexual 31 40 13 7 7 2 0 72 15 422
2019 Gay or lesbian 58 21 11 0 5 5 0 83 5 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 28 28 20 8 14 2 0 57 23 110
2018 Heterosexual 36 38 13 7 4 1 0 75 12 476
2018 Gay or lesbian 33 35 8 8 12 4 0 71 21 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 30 32 14 9 12 2 0 64 22 130

Question 46. My department or agency implements activities and practices that support a diverse workplace.

A diverse workplace includes everyone, regardless of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, disability, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital or family status, religion, age, language, culture, background, interests, views or other dimensions.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 38 37 14 4 4 3 0 77 9 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 34 30 6 11 18 0 0 65 29 17
2020 Bisexual 10 36 24 12 12 6 0 49 26 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 30 37 15 6 9 4 0 69 15 112
2019 Heterosexual 39 32 15 6 5 3 0 73 12 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 56 22 0 11 5 5 0 82 18 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 39 25 19 2 9 6 1 69 11 108
2018 Heterosexual 34 35 16 6 4 5 0 73 10 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 33 20 19 24 0 4 0 55 25 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 30 32 17 4 12 5 0 65 17 130

Question 47. My department or agency implements initiatives that promote anti-racism in the workplace.

Anti-racism may be promoted by providing access to anti-racism training, and promoting awareness of resources and self-directed learning on anti-racism.

Anti-racism is an active and consistent process of change to eliminate individual, institutional and systemic racism.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 37 34 16 4 3 4 1 75 8 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 24 47 13 17 0 0 0 70 17 17
2020 Bisexual 5 54 12 6 18 6 0 62 26 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 36 28 17 5 8 5 0 68 13 112

Question 48. I would feel comfortable sharing concerns about issues related to racism in the workplace with a person of authority (e.g., immediate supervisor, senior manager, ombudsman, human resources advisor).

Racism refers to any individual action or institutional practice which treats people differently because of their colour or ethnicity.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 46 29 9 5 6 4 1 79 12 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 58 18 6 13 5 0 0 76 18 17
2020 Bisexual 27 22 0 24 21 6 0 52 48 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 39 21 13 8 11 5 2 65 21 112

Question 49. Overall, my department or agency treats me with respect.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 52 30 8 7 3 0 0 82 10 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 64 30 0 6 0 0 0 94 6 17
2020 Bisexual 43 39 0 18 0 0 0 82 18 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 46 31 10 10 1 2 0 78 12 112
2019 Heterosexual 49 32 6 8 5 0 0 81 13 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 69 26 5 0 0 0 0 95 0 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 37 33 11 11 7 0 0 70 18 109
2018 Heterosexual 47 36 9 5 4 0 0 83 8 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 55 27 4 15 0 0 0 82 15 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 32 39 8 11 11 0 0 71 22 130

Question 50. I would recommend my department or agency as a great place to work.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 42 29 13 9 7 0 0 71 16 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 46 42 5 0 6 0 0 89 6 17
2020 Bisexual 29 21 16 27 6 0 0 50 33 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 32 34 19 7 9 0 0 65 16 112
2019 Heterosexual 35 30 14 11 9 0 0 65 21 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 48 26 10 11 5 0 0 74 16 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 30 25 17 18 10 1 0 55 28 109
2018 Heterosexual 31 38 14 9 8 0 0 70 16 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 47 27 3 11 12 0 0 74 23 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 27 22 21 14 15 1 0 50 29 130

Question 51. I am satisfied with my department or agency.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 42 31 12 8 6 0 0 73 14 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 34 49 6 5 6 0 0 83 11 17
2020 Bisexual 26 34 11 22 6 0 0 60 28 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 28 42 16 7 7 0 1 70 14 108
2019 Heterosexual 34 33 13 11 9 0 0 66 20 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 53 26 10 6 5 0 0 79 11 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 25 31 21 11 11 1 0 57 22 109
2018 Heterosexual 31 39 11 11 7 0 0 70 18 475
2018 Gay or lesbian 44 26 10 8 12 0 0 70 20 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 27 23 22 12 16 1 0 50 28 129

Question 52. I would prefer to remain with my department or agency, even if a comparable job was available elsewhere in the federal public service.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 42 22 14 11 8 4 0 66 19 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 34 30 19 11 6 0 0 64 17 17
2020 Bisexual 24 36 23 0 17 0 0 60 17 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 34 24 22 10 7 2 1 60 17 111
2019 Heterosexual 37 22 15 13 10 3 1 60 24 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 48 16 20 11 0 5 0 67 11 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 29 23 21 12 13 2 1 53 25 110
2018 Heterosexual 31 29 14 13 8 2 1 63 22 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 37 29 22 4 8 0 0 66 12 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 25 20 20 16 16 2 0 46 33 130
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Mobility and Retention

Question 53. Do you intend to leave your current position in the next two years?

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Not sure
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 16 49 34 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 24 54 22 17
2020 Bisexual 25 35 39 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 14 39 46 112
2019 Heterosexual 19 41 40 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 11 41 48 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 18 42 41 109
2018 Heterosexual 17 41 42 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 25 49 26 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 22 34 44 130

Question 54. Please indicate your reason for leaving.

Survey year Demographic To retire
(%)
To pursue another position within my department or agency
(%)
To pursue a position in another department or agency
(%)
To pursue a position outside the federal public service
(%)
End of my term, casual or student employment
(%)
Other
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 17 17 53 10 0 3 81
2020 Prefer not to answer 35 26 35 0 0 4 17
2019 Heterosexual 11 17 44 16 1 11 82
2019 Prefer not to answer 5 5 64 10 0 16 19
2018 Heterosexual 13 8 49 20 2 7 83
2018 Prefer not to answer 11 11 55 17 0 6 28
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Harassment

Harassment is normally a series of incidents, but it can be one severe incident that has a lasting impact on the individual. Harassment is any improper conduct by an individual that is directed at and offensive to another individual in the workplace, including at any event or any location related to work, and that the individual knew or ought reasonably to have known would cause offence or harm. It comprises objectionable act(s), comment(s) or display(s) that demean, belittle, or cause personal humiliation or embarrassment, and any act of intimidation or threat. It also includes harassment within the meaning of the Canadian Human Rights Act (i.e., based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, family status, genetic characteristics (including a requirement to undergo a genetic test, or disclose the results of a genetic test), disability or conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been granted or in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered).

Question 55. Having carefully read the definition of harassment, have you been the victim of harassment on the job in the past 12 months?

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 15 85 481
2020 Prefer not to answer 14 86 112
2019 Heterosexual 17 83 425
2019 Prefer not to answer 16 84 110
2018 Heterosexual 15 85 480
2018 Prefer not to answer 23 77 129

Question 56a. From whom did you experience harassment on the job? Co-workers

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 64 36 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 52 48 15
2019 Heterosexual 72 28 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 71 29 17
2018 Heterosexual 61 39 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 68 32 29

Question 56b. From whom did you experience harassment on the job? Individuals with authority over me

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 54 46 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 52 48 15
2019 Heterosexual 50 50 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 65 35 17
2018 Heterosexual 43 57 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 69 31 29

Question 56c. From whom did you experience harassment on the job? Individuals working for me

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 10 90 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2019 Heterosexual 13 87 71
2018 Heterosexual 13 87 69

Question 56d. From whom did you experience harassment on the job? Individuals for whom I have a custodial responsibility (e.g., inmates, offenders, patients, detainees)

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 0 100 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2019 Heterosexual 0 100 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 17
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 29

Question 56e. From whom did you experience harassment on the job? Individuals from other departments or agencies

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 10 90 69

Question 56f. From whom did you experience harassment on the job? Members of the public (individuals or organizations)

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2019 Heterosexual 7 93 71
2018 Heterosexual 8 92 69

Question 56g. From whom did you experience harassment on the job? Other

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 9 91 69

Question 57a. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Aggressive behaviour

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 36 64 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 60 40 15
2019 Heterosexual 35 65 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 37 63 17
2018 Heterosexual 46 54 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 48 52 29

Question 57b. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Excessive control

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 36 64 70
2019 Heterosexual 29 71 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 30 70 17
2018 Heterosexual 32 68 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 45 55 29

Question 57c. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Being excluded or being ignored

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 42 58 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 38 62 15
2019 Heterosexual 48 52 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 48 52 17
2018 Heterosexual 37 63 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 55 45 29

Question 57d. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Humiliation

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 44 56 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 59 41 15
2019 Heterosexual 37 63 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 38 62 17
2018 Heterosexual 47 53 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 51 49 29

Question 57e. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Interference with work or withholding resources

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 28 72 70
2019 Heterosexual 35 65 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 36 64 17
2018 Heterosexual 27 73 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 28 72 29

Question 57f. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Offensive remark

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 57 43 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 52 48 15
2019 Heterosexual 51 49 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 71 29 17
2018 Heterosexual 66 34 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 37 63 29

Question 57g. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Personal attack

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 47 53 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 51 49 15
2019 Heterosexual 42 58 71
2018 Heterosexual 41 59 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 48 52 29

Question 57h. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Physical violence

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2019 Heterosexual 0 100 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 17
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 29

Question 57i. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Sexual comment or gesture

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2019 Heterosexual 7 93 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 17
2018 Heterosexual 9 91 69

Question 57j. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Threat

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 7 93 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2019 Heterosexual 7 93 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 17
2018 Heterosexual 11 89 69

Question 57k. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Unfair treatment

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 41 59 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 60 40 15
2019 Heterosexual 46 54 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 41 59 17
2018 Heterosexual 40 60 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 48 52 29

Question 57l. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Yelling or shouting

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 19 81 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 41 59 15
2019 Heterosexual 24 76 71
2018 Heterosexual 35 65 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 31 69 29

Question 57m. Please indicate the nature of the harassment you experienced. Other

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 8 92 70
2019 Heterosexual 15 85 71
2018 Heterosexual 14 86 69

Question 58a. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? I discussed the matter with my supervisor or a senior manager.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 57 43 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 52 48 15
2019 Heterosexual 47 53 71
2018 Heterosexual 53 47 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 47 53 29

Question 58b. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? I discussed the matter with the person(s) from whom I experienced the harassment.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 18 82 70
2019 Heterosexual 16 84 71
2018 Heterosexual 22 78 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 37 63 29

Question 58c. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? I contacted a human resources advisor in my department or agency.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 9 91 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2019 Heterosexual 11 89 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 17

Question 58d. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? I contacted my union representative.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 16 84 70
2019 Heterosexual 17 83 71
2018 Heterosexual 14 86 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 21 79 29

Question 58e. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? I used an informal conflict resolution process.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2019 Heterosexual 8 92 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 17
2018 Heterosexual 9 91 69

Question 58f. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? I filed a grievance or formal complaint.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15

Question 58g. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? I resolved the matter informally on my own.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 14 86 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2019 Heterosexual 7 93 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 17
2018 Heterosexual 12 88 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 16 84 29

Question 58h. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? Other.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 11 89 70
2019 Heterosexual 11 89 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 17
2018 Heterosexual 7 93 69

Question 58i. What action(s) did you take to address the harassment you experienced? I took no action.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 28 72 70
2020 Prefer not to answer 48 52 15
2019 Heterosexual 33 67 71
2019 Prefer not to answer 70 30 17
2018 Heterosexual 35 65 69
2018 Prefer not to answer 31 69 29

Question 59a. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? The issue was resolved.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 12 88 66

Question 59b. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? I did not think the incident was serious enough.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 12 88 66
2018 Prefer not to answer 18 82 27

Question 59c. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? The behaviour stopped.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 14 86 66

Question 59d. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? The individual apologized.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2018 Heterosexual 8 92 66
2018 Prefer not to answer 18 82 27

Question 59e. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? Management intervened.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 11 89 66

Question 59f. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? The individual left or changed jobs.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 9 91 66
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 27

Question 59g. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? I changed jobs.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 27

Question 59h. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? I did not know what to do, where to go or whom to ask.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 17 83 66

Question 59i. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? I was too distraught.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 12 88 66

Question 59j. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? I had concerns about the formal complaint process (e.g., confidentiality, how long it would take).

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 33 67 15
2018 Heterosexual 39 61 66
2018 Prefer not to answer 37 63 27

Question 59l. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? I was afraid of reprisal (e.g., having limited career advancement, being labelled a troublemaker).

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 36 64 15
2018 Heterosexual 47 53 66
2018 Prefer not to answer 41 59 27

Question 59m. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? Someone threatened me.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15
2018 Heterosexual 0 100 66
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 27

Question 59n. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? I did not believe it would make a difference.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 50 50 15
2018 Heterosexual 62 38 66
2018 Prefer not to answer 74 26 27

Question 59o. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? I intend to file a grievance or a formal complaint but I have not done so yet.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 0 100 66

Question 59p. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the harassment you experienced? Other

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 12 88 66

Question 60. I am satisfied with how matters related to harassment are resolved in my department or agency.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 14 16 17 10 8 28 7 46 28 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 29 6 11 13 5 24 12 55 28 17
2020 Bisexual 15 6 23 22 6 16 11 30 39 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 13 12 16 10 14 27 7 39 37 112
2019 Heterosexual 15 13 18 10 15 24 4 40 35 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 26 16 6 6 10 31 6 66 25 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 12 14 14 12 12 31 5 41 38 109
2018 Heterosexual 13 18 20 11 12 22 4 43 30 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 26 19 9 13 9 16 9 60 29 25
2018 Prefer not to answer 11 14 20 11 18 21 5 34 39 127

Question 61. My department or agency works hard to create a workplace that prevents harassment.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 30 31 16 8 7 7 1 66 16 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 39 43 0 18 0 0 0 82 18 17
2020 Bisexual 19 17 18 17 12 17 0 43 36 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 28 26 14 9 11 10 2 61 23 111
2019 Heterosexual 28 29 16 10 9 6 1 62 21 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 48 32 6 5 5 5 0 83 11 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 26 20 19 14 9 12 1 52 26 110
2018 Heterosexual 29 29 19 11 6 7 0 62 18 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 47 18 0 24 4 8 0 70 30 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 18 26 18 13 13 10 2 51 29 128
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Discrimination

Discrimination means treating someone differently or unfairly because of a personal characteristic or distinction,which, whether intentional or not, has an effect that imposes disadvantages not imposed on others or that withholds or limits access that is given to others. There are 13 prohibited grounds of discrimination under the Canadian Human Rights Act (i.e., based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, family status, genetic characteristics (including a requirement to undergo a genetic test, or disclose the results of a genetic test), disability or conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been granted or in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered).

Question 62. Having carefully read the definition of discrimination, have you been the victim of discrimination on the job in the past 12 months?

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 7 93 480
2020 Prefer not to answer 13 87 112
2019 Heterosexual 9 91 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 0 100 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 9 91 109
2018 Heterosexual 8 92 478
2018 Prefer not to answer 13 87 129

Question 63a. From whom did you experience discrimination on the job? Co-workers

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 35 65 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 43 57 14
2018 Heterosexual 47 53 39
2018 Prefer not to answer 55 45 16

Question 63b. From whom did you experience discrimination on the job? Individuals with authority over me

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 85 15 34
2018 Heterosexual 80 20 39

Question 63d. From whom did you experience discrimination on the job? Individuals for whom I have a custodial responsibility (e.g., inmates, offenders, patients, detainees)

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 0 100 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 14
2019 Heterosexual 0 100 40
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 10
2018 Heterosexual 0 100 39
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 63e. From whom did you experience discrimination on the job? Individuals from other departments or agencies

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2019 Heterosexual 0 100 40
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 10

Question 63f. From whom did you experience discrimination on the job? Members of the public (individuals or organizations)

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 63g. From whom did you experience discrimination on the job? Other

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 0 100 34

Question 64a. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Race

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 24 76 34
2018 Heterosexual 30 70 39

Question 64c. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Colour

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 21 79 34
2019 Heterosexual 13 87 40
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 10
2018 Heterosexual 15 85 39

Question 64d. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Religion

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 14
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 64e. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Age

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 33 67 34
2018 Heterosexual 22 78 39

Question 64f. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Sex

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 43 57 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 54 46 14
2018 Heterosexual 50 50 39

Question 64g. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Sexual orientation

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 14
2019 Heterosexual 0 100 40
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 10
2018 Heterosexual 0 100 39
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 64h. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Gender identity or expression (including gender diverse identities or expressions such as transgender, two-spirit, or non-binary)

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 0 100 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 14
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 64i. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Marital status

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 13 87 39

Question 64j. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Family status

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 28 72 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 54 46 14
2018 Heterosexual 26 74 39

Question 64k. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Genetic characteristics (including a requirement to undergo a genetic test, or disclose the results of a genetic test)

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 0 100 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 14
2019 Heterosexual 0 100 40
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 10
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 64l. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Disability

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 20 80 34
2018 Heterosexual 26 74 39

Question 64m. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Pardoned conviction or suspended record

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 0 100 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 14
2019 Heterosexual 0 100 40
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 10
2018 Heterosexual 0 100 39
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 64n. Please indicate the type of discrimination you experienced. Other

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 13 87 39
2018 Prefer not to answer 36 64 16

Question 65a. What action(s) did you take to address the discrimination you experienced? I discussed the matter with my supervisor or a senior manager.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 29 71 39

Question 65c. What action(s) did you take to address the discrimination you experienced? I contacted a human resources advisor in my department or agency.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2019 Heterosexual 0 100 40
2019 Prefer not to answer 0 100 10
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 65d. What action(s) did you take to address the discrimination you experienced? I contacted my union representative.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 18 82 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 37 63 14
2018 Heterosexual 13 87 39

Question 65e. What action(s) did you take to address the discrimination you experienced? I used an informal conflict resolution process.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 0 100 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 0 100 14
2018 Heterosexual 0 100 39
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 16

Question 65g. What action(s) did you take to address the discrimination you experienced? I resolved the matter informally on my own.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 0 100 34

Question 65h. What action(s) did you take to address the discrimination you experienced? Other

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 16 84 39

Question 65i. What action(s) did you take to address the discrimination you experienced? I took no action.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 73 27 34
2020 Prefer not to answer 37 63 14
2018 Heterosexual 60 40 39
2018 Prefer not to answer 52 48 16

Question 66d. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? The individual apologized.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 0 100 37

Question 66f. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? The individual left or changed jobs.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15

Question 66g. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? I changed jobs.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15

Question 66h. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? I did not know what to do, where to go or whom to ask.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 16 84 37
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15

Question 66i. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? I was too distraught.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 14 86 37

Question 66j. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? I had concerns about the formal complaint process (e.g., confidentiality, how long it would take).

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 47 53 37

Question 66k. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? I was advised against filing a complaint.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 22 78 37

Question 66l. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? I was afraid of reprisal (e.g., having limited career advancement, being labelled a troublemaker).

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 54 46 37
2018 Prefer not to answer 42 58 15

Question 66m. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? Someone threatened me.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 0 100 37
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15

Question 66n. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? I did not believe it would make a difference.

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 72 28 37
2018 Prefer not to answer 67 33 15

Question 66p. Why did you not file a grievance or formal complaint about the discrimination you experienced? Other

Survey year Demographic Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Total responses
2018 Heterosexual 14 86 37
2018 Prefer not to answer 0 100 15

Question 67. I am satisfied with how matters related to discrimination are resolved in my department or agency.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 17 15 15 5 6 34 7 54 20 482
2020 Gay or lesbian 29 13 10 6 0 42 0 72 11 17
2020 Bisexual 19 0 29 18 6 27 0 26 34 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 14 11 22 8 13 28 5 37 30 111
2019 Heterosexual 17 13 20 5 8 31 6 48 21 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 26 16 6 0 11 31 11 71 19 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 16 6 22 6 9 32 8 38 25 109
2018 Heterosexual 15 16 22 6 6 29 6 48 19 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 31 11 16 4 4 26 8 64 12 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 15 13 28 3 12 26 4 40 21 129

Question 68. My department or agency works hard to create a workplace that prevents discrimination.

Survey year Demographic Strongly agree
(%)
Somewhat agree
(%)
Neither agree nor disagree
(%)
Somewhat disagree
(%)
Strongly disagree
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 35 28 16 5 5 9 1 70 12 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 34 55 5 6 0 0 0 89 6 17
2020 Bisexual 19 11 24 24 12 10 0 33 40 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 29 22 20 5 11 13 1 59 18 111
2019 Heterosexual 36 26 16 6 6 9 1 69 13 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 48 37 0 6 5 5 0 89 11 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 30 17 20 8 6 17 2 58 17 110
2018 Heterosexual 32 28 19 6 5 10 1 68 12 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 50 22 8 4 8 8 0 79 13 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 22 29 22 5 9 12 0 58 17 129
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Stress and Well-Being

Question 70a. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Risk of exposure to COVID-19

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 27 29 20 13 10 0 0 57 23 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 23 34 6 24 13 0 0 57 36 17
2020 Bisexual 26 23 23 16 11 0 0 50 28 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 21 23 20 25 10 0 2 45 35 112

Question 70b. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Pay or other compensation-related issues

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 35 27 20 10 8 1 0 63 18 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 24 52 5 13 6 0 0 76 19 17
2020 Bisexual 10 43 24 11 12 0 0 54 22 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 39 24 22 9 4 0 2 64 13 111
2019 Heterosexual 20 28 22 15 14 0 1 49 29 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 37 11 26 15 10 0 0 48 26 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 18 19 31 16 16 0 0 37 32 110
2018 Heterosexual 17 23 21 18 19 0 2 41 38 481
2018 Gay or lesbian 11 21 23 11 29 0 4 34 42 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 18 20 20 19 19 1 2 40 39 130

Question 70c. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Heavy workload

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 11 15 29 25 20 0 0 25 46 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 6 18 21 23 32 0 0 24 55 17
2020 Bisexual 6 0 28 21 45 0 0 6 66 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 9 24 26 22 18 0 2 34 40 112
2019 Heterosexual 8 17 27 23 25 0 0 25 48 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 11 21 22 10 36 0 0 32 46 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 13 21 28 16 22 1 0 34 39 109
2018 Heterosexual 11 17 31 17 22 0 1 29 40 481
2018 Gay or lesbian 7 17 34 15 23 0 4 26 39 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 9 19 29 20 23 0 0 28 43 130

Question 70d. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Unreasonable deadlines

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 23 30 25 13 7 0 1 54 20 481
2020 Gay or lesbian 12 34 29 25 0 0 0 46 25 17
2020 Bisexual 12 27 18 33 10 0 0 39 43 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 25 32 23 11 7 1 2 58 19 111
2019 Heterosexual 22 34 24 11 9 0 0 57 20 423
2019 Gay or lesbian 34 23 27 16 0 0 0 57 16 18
2019 Prefer not to answer 23 30 20 15 10 1 2 54 25 109
2018 Heterosexual 20 35 26 11 6 0 2 57 17 477
2018 Gay or lesbian 20 38 27 11 0 0 4 61 11 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 20 29 28 13 6 1 3 51 20 130

Question 70e. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Not enough employees to do the work

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 13 23 21 21 21 1 0 36 42 478
2020 Gay or lesbian 13 22 17 18 31 0 0 35 49 17
2020 Bisexual 6 5 29 30 31 0 0 10 60 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 10 16 31 18 22 1 3 27 41 112
2019 Heterosexual 12 19 17 23 29 1 0 31 52 424
2019 Gay or lesbian 5 22 16 21 36 0 0 27 57 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 13 16 18 18 34 1 1 30 53 109
2018 Heterosexual 12 20 22 20 24 0 1 33 44 481
2018 Gay or lesbian 4 17 31 8 36 0 4 22 45 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 17 23 12 15 32 0 2 40 48 127

Question 70f. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Overtime or long work hours

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 25 25 20 15 14 0 1 50 29 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 17 28 17 13 25 0 0 45 38 17
2020 Bisexual 16 12 17 30 25 0 0 28 55 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 26 31 17 11 12 0 3 59 24 112
2019 Heterosexual 25 22 23 12 15 0 3 49 28 426
2019 Gay or lesbian 44 10 5 16 25 0 0 54 41 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 34 22 13 10 17 1 4 59 28 110
2018 Heterosexual 29 20 19 11 15 0 5 52 27 478
2018 Gay or lesbian 26 12 22 10 27 0 4 39 38 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 31 22 19 7 14 1 6 57 22 128

Question 70g. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Balancing work and personal life

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 20 22 24 17 17 0 0 43 33 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 11 29 24 11 25 0 0 39 37 17
2020 Bisexual 6 10 40 34 10 0 0 16 44 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 17 26 27 14 15 0 1 43 30 112
2019 Heterosexual 18 26 23 13 19 0 0 45 32 425
2019 Gay or lesbian 38 16 10 15 20 0 0 54 36 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 22 26 19 13 18 2 1 49 32 110
2018 Heterosexual 21 24 24 15 15 0 0 45 31 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 25 10 23 12 26 0 4 36 40 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 19 24 25 13 17 1 1 44 30 130

Question 70h. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Balancing work and caregiving responsibilities (e.g., children, elderly, family member(s)) during the COVID-19 pandemic

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 25 23 20 14 11 0 6 51 27 479
2020 Gay or lesbian 65 18 0 0 13 0 5 87 13 17
2020 Bisexual 27 12 24 0 6 0 32 57 8 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 28 22 21 11 9 0 9 55 22 112

Question 70i. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Lack of control or input in decision-making

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 34 31 23 7 4 1 1 66 10 480
2020 Gay or lesbian 29 35 24 0 6 0 6 68 7 17
2020 Bisexual 18 33 27 16 6 0 0 51 22 18
2020 Prefer not to answer 27 41 16 8 7 0 2 70 14 110
2019 Heterosexual 28 34 21 9 8 0 0 62 17 420
2019 Gay or lesbian 37 21 31 5 5 0 0 59 10 19
2019 Prefer not to answer 32 33 15 12 7 0 1 66 20 110
2018 Heterosexual 27 31 22 13 5 1 1 59 18 479
2018 Gay or lesbian 44 21 19 11 4 0 0 66 15 27
2018 Prefer not to answer 27 26 19 14 12 1 2 54 26 129

Question 70j. Overall, to what extent do the following factors cause you stress at work? Competing or constantly changing priorities

Survey year Demographic Not at all
(%)
To a small extent
(%)
To a moderate extent
(%)
To a large extent
(%)
To a very large extent
(%)
Don't know
(%)
Not applicable
(%)
Most positive or least negative answers
(%)
Least positive or most negative answers
(%)
Total responses
2020 Heterosexual 32 35 20 8 4 1